The Qin Dynasty is known for having unified most of what became known as China under one leader. This leader, Qin Shihuangdi, defeated the other warring states to consolidate power. The name "Qin," which is pronounced as "chin," is the source of the modern name "China."
Qin Shihuangdi developed an administrative structure for the entire country, and he also regularized weights, measurements, currency and script throughout the entirety of his domain, explains About.com. This gave the region a uniform character that bound the people together as a unified polity. He also began the process of creating the Great Wall of China by unifying a number of border walls into one impressive barricade against invasion. Qin Shihuangdi's dynasty was not stable, though, and four years after he died in 210 B.C., his unified China was once again split into warring states.Learn More
The Qin Dynasty achieved unification and rose to power through a combination of extensive military campaigns as well as political maneuvering that eventually allowed it to absorb its rival states. It became the first imperial dynasty ruling over a unified China after the end of the Warring States Period in 221 BCE.Full Answer >
Marco Polo was a Venetian merchant, adventurer and writer who traveled back and forth from Italy to China during the late 1200s. Polo's family went to China in 1271 when he was 17. The adventurer returned to Venice in 1295, after which he published a book of his travels. He died in 1324, several decades after the publication of "The Travels of Marco Polo."Full Answer >
There were numerous factors that led to the collapse of the Chinese Empire in 1912, especially the growing power of European countries within and around China. The two Opium Wars fought between China and Great Britain played a role in the collapse.Full Answer >
King Louis XIV, also known as the Sun King, established a more centralized government, refined the absolute monarchy that defined the French method of governance, created a court at Versailles and led France through four long wars. King Louis XIV assumed the throne as King of France at the age of 4, following in his father's footsteps. The young king underwent several years of rigorous training in military techniques and academic subjects before gaining the requisite knowledge and skills to begin acting as king.Full Answer >