Elizabeth Tudor was queen of England for 45 years, and her reign is referred to as the Elizabethan era or the Golden Age of England. When she first ascended to the throne, Elizabeth inherited a bankrupt nation, torn by religious strife and threatened by the military power of France and Spain. By her death on March 24, 1603, England had become a major world power in every respect.Know More
Elizabeth ruled during one of the more constructive periods in English history. Literature flourished through the works of Shakespeare. Sir Francis Drake and Walter Raleigh were expanding English influence in the New World. Her reign coincided with the zenith of the English Renaissance.
Elizabeth was the daughter of King Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn. She was crowned Queen of England at the age of 25 on Jan. 15, 1559. She was only the third queen to rule England alone. She never married, ruling alone for her entire reign and becoming known as the "Virgin Queen" despite having many suitors throughout her time on the English throne. Several foreign princes also vied for her hand, and she successfully used their courtships to develop a friendly relationship with their countries without accepting the proposal of any.Learn more in Modern Europe
Queen Victoria established the modern role of a monarch in a constitutional monarchy and exerted her influence to promote the British Empire's expansion and reforms benefiting the poor, according to the website of The British Monarchy. During her 67-year reign of Britain, the Empire experienced immense social, political and industrial change. Her longevity, combined with her grace and reclusive nature, led to her becoming a national icon of moral strictness.Full Answer >
William Shakespeare lived in England during the Elizabethan era and wore clothes in the Elizabethan style. For the rich and famous, the clothing of this era was characterized by bright colors, elaborate trimmings and ostentatious padding.Full Answer >
Oliver Cromwell was important because he temporarily dissolved the monarchy in England and Wales, and he encouraged some religious tolerance and promoted puritanism. While Cromwell managed to introduce some social justice to England, the monarchy was later reinstated.Full Answer >
The war that occurred in Shakespeare's time was the Anglo-Spanish War between England and Spain, and it was fought mainly as a religious conflict between Protestant England and Catholic Spain. Phillip II of Spain considered himself a defender of the Catholic faith, while Elizabeth I of England re-established royal supremacy over the Church of England in defiance of the Pope.Full Answer >