In the United States, imperialism exists because of a desire to demonstrate and extend the scope of American power overseas. The motives for imperialism are primarily the same for nations around the world. Imperialism happens when countries seek to expand their scope of influence and assert power and control on certain nations.
Imperialism occurs sometimes without the use of military forces, such as through political diplomacy. However, militaries also enforce and carry out acts of imperialism. In the U.S., imperialism emerged primarily during the 19th century. Prior to the late 1800s, the U.S. existed as an isolationist nation, taking measures to stay out of international affairs. The isolationist policy enforced by early American presidents, including George Washington, ended with the involvement of the U.S. in World War I. Several motivating factors led the U.S. to change course in pursuit of imperialism. Economic incentive to expand its market internationally and bring in additional revenue was a primary contributing factor. The U.S., like other nations, experienced a growth in technology that greatly improved the production of goods and services. Following the Great Depression of the 1920s, the U.S. saw a crucial and immediate need to fix a damaged economy, and resorted to imperialist policies and tactics to bring that change.Learn More
The causes of the Indian Revolt of 1857 included a desire to preserve Indian culture and religion and a dissatisfaction with conditions for Indian soldiers within the Bengal army. Soldiers in that army, which was under British leadership, were mostly recruited from rural Indian families and had little ideological allegiance to the British Empire.Full Answer >
One of the underlying political causes of British imperialism was the need to strengthen the country, alongside making free trade easier. In addition, the British government aimed to appease the popular consensus that Christian values should reach Africa, and there was a need to strengthen the economy.Full Answer >
George Orwell's essay "Shooting an Elephant" chronicles his experience in British-ruled Burma and his views on imperialism. Orwell was born and brought up in what is now known today as Burma. At the time of his birth, Burma was a province of colonial India, which was under British rule.Full Answer >
Imperialism impacted the African continent in several ways, primarily in the contexts of economics and politics. The political impact of the Western nations displays in the administrative system of government in Africa. Western governments established a structured and organized government, such as a central or federal government, in many African nations, which remain in place to this day.Full Answer >