The period of time commonly referred to as the Stone Age, or more specifically the "Old" or "Early" Stone Age, began with the first emergence of human beings and ended about 12,000 years ago. The descriptive term "Stone Age" is derived from the fact that the early humans living during this time first began to use tools made from stone to help them meet their basic needs of food, clothing and shelter. One of the methods used to produce their stone tools was a process called "flaking" that involved using one stone to strike another to produce sharp edges.
The archaeological term which is usually used to describe the entirety of the Stone Age is the Paleolithic Era. The term is derived from the Greek words "palaios" and "lithos," which mean "old" and "stone" respectively. The people living during the Paleolithic Era are often referred to as hunter-gatherers because of the manner in which they obtained food before the development of agriculture. Their lifestyle was a nomadic existence as they followed the migrations of the animal herds that provided them with their primary food source. The homes they built were temporary shelters rather than permanent structures.
The Paleolithic Era reflects a portion of the general period of archaeological time known as prehistory. Prehistory refers to the part of human existence prior to the development of writing systems. The significant change that marked the end of the Stone Age was the development of smelting techniques that enabled metals to be extracted from ores, which were then used in the production of metal tools. This new development represents the beginning of what is commonly called the Bronze Age, which began between 6,000 B.C. and 2,500 B.C.Learn More
The term Stone Age refers to the prehistoric period before the advent of metal-working, when most tools were fashioned from rocks and stones. According to the Oxford Dictionary, the Stone Age lasted about 2.5 million years.Full Answer >
The Stone Age began 2 to 3 million years ago and ended at around 3300 B.C. The dates for the beginning and end of the Stone Age are ranges because the definition of the age refers to the tools which were developed at different times around the world.Full Answer >
During the long Neolithic period, from 6800 to 3200 B.C., shelters were built using thick timber posts, clay and stone for the foundation and walls, while roofs were made from tree trunks, clay and hay. Other characteristics varied, depending on the region and whether the shelter was built during the early, middle or late Neolithic period.Full Answer >
Homo habilis were found in southern and eastern portions of Africa, they were first described in the 1960s, and it is believed that they were capable of speech. They had larger brains than more rudimentary creatures, and they were around 5 feet tall.Full Answer >