The Revolution of 1800 was a peaceful transition that marked the first time power changed from one party to another in an American presidential and congressional election. The most common definition of revolution involves the element of violence. An alternative definition, however, simply implies a radical change of government. Whether or not the so-called Revolution of 1800 was revolutionary is a matter of which definition of revolution is considered.
Prior to 1800, there was no distinction between president and vice president on the ballot. The winner typically became president and the runner-up vice president. This meant that in the event of a tie, which is what happened in the election of 1800, the Congress had to vote in a tie-breaking decision. The duty of breaking the tie, however, added insult to injury because the incumbent Federalist majority Congress had just been upset by a Democratic-Republican sweep of Congressional elections. Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr also ran on the Democratic-Republican ticket, but the newly elected representatives had not yet taken office. This meant that the majority of the members of Congress were charged with breaking a tie between members of the opposing party. Congress was deadlocked in its decision after several votes. Finally, Alexander Hamilton, who infamously detested Aaron Burr for both political and personal reasons, cast his vote in favor of Jefferson. The election marked the first time there was a complete turnover of the party in power. Jefferson dubbing it a "revolution" was more a reference to change in American ideology.Learn More
"Justice" wasn't in the slogan of the French Revolution. The slogan for The French Revolution only mentioned "liberty, equality, fraternity", not justice. Citizens wanted freedom from the King and estate, while also wanting to eliminate the aristocracy. The word "fraternity" was used as a word to unify the French people.Full Answer >
The American Revolution changed America, because it led to the establishment of an independent nation. In addition, after the American Revolution began, several important documents were drafted, such as the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. These documents outlined Constitutional rights and laid the foundation for a democratic government. The US was also able to establish its own laws and regulations after the American Revolution.Full Answer >
During the Industrial Revolution, capitalism transitioned from a feudal and agricultural system of production to one dominated by machines and equipment. The Industrial Revolution saw the sudden, sharp rise of the manufacturing, industrial and production sectors of the economy, which facilitated a rise in economic revenue.Full Answer >
The Enlightenment influenced the American Revolution in numerous ways, with core Enlightenment ideals including liberty, equality and justice leading the creation of conditions for the American Revolution and the Constitution that followed. Many ideas and concepts, including natural rights, freedom from oppression, and innovative ways of thinking regarding government structure came directly from Enlightenment philosophers, and helped to form firm foundations for colonialism and modern day America.Full Answer >