In Medieval Times, the Roman Catholic Church exercised significant social and political authority. Church worship was at the center of public life. As the only unified institution throughout Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire, the Church asserted its influence over the continent's monarchs and even had the power to remove them from the throne.Know More
According to PBS.org, every member of society was expected to live by the Catholic faith. Christian doctrine influenced every aspect of life. The Catholic church asserted that it was the only path to salvation. Individuals who did not conform to the standards of the Church not only risked being ostracized, but were in danger of being labeled heretics and executed.
The Church was very influential in political affairs. Throughout the Middle Ages, clergy in many cases held real political power. The Church was sovereign over a number of territories in Italy known as the Papal States, which had their own armies. The Pope also exercised an important power called the papal deposing power, which was the authority to declare a monarch heretical and powerless to rule.
Despite the eminence of the Church, Medieval Europe was not a theocracy like the Muslim Middle East of the same time period. Church and state often vied for power. This contributed to the gradual weakening of Church influence.Learn more about Middle Ages
The roles of a king during Medieval Europe included land ownership, warfare leadership and lawmaker. A king allowed knights, barons and lords to live on his land, as long as they provided armies of men to fight wars. When kings fought neighboring kingdoms, he led his men into battle. Kings were supreme rulers of their lands, and they meted out justice as they saw fit.Full Answer >
During the Middle Ages, land travel took place by foot, by horse or by cart and carriage, while sea travel utilized either sailing ships or galleys. Some wealthy individuals may have utilized sedan chairs, also known as litters, which were carried by servants.Full Answer >
Castles were needed in medieval times to provide protection to the lord from foreign invaders. They were also a physical reminder of the lord's power over his lands.Full Answer >
In medieval times, castles were home to nobility or high-ranking clerics, defense forces and a large household staff. In times of warfare, the population of the castle would swell as peasants from the lord's domain flooded in for protection.Full Answer >