Known for non-violent civil disobedience, Mahatma Gandhi was the preeminent political and spiritual leader of India during the nation's struggle for independence from Great Britain. Gandhi assumed the leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1922 after organizing farmers, urban laborers and peasants in protests against discrimination and excessive land taxes. His continuing efforts toward achieving independence ultimately led to England transferring power to a partitioned India in 1947.
Gandhi was arrested on March 10, 1922 and convicted of sedition. He served 2 years of a 6-year sentence and, after his release, worked toward resolving a split that had caused the Indian National Congress to break into two opposing factions while he was imprisoned. He also attempted to bridge the differences between Hindus and Muslims in the independence movement.
In 1930, Gandhi led the highly publicized Salt March, in which he and thousands of supporters marched more than 240 miles to the sea to make salt in defiance of a new British tax on the much-used commodity. Although more than 60,000 people were arrested in the mass protest, this campaign proved to be highly effective in strengthening the independence movement and drawing worldwide attention.
After World War II broke out in 1939, Gandhi intensified the efforts being made toward the removal of British rule in the "Quit India" campaign. This was the most forceful and widespread stage of the independence movement and resulted in the arrests of Gandhi and other Indian leaders on August 9, 1942. At the end of the war, however, Britain provided a clear indication that power would soon be transferred. With this promise of independence, Gandhi called off the struggle and about 100,000 political prisoners held by British authorities were subsequently released.Learn More
Mahatma Gandhi's four sons were named Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas. Gandhi had all four children with his wife, Kasturba, whom he married in May of 1883, when he was 13 years old. They had an arranged marriage, which is customary in India.Full Answer >
The greatest achievement of Mahatma Gandhi is his lifelong fight for India's independence, which finally happened on August 15, 1947. After India won its independence from British rule in 1947, Gandhi successfully fasted for 21 days, which encouraged the Muslims and Indians to end their war.Full Answer >
Mohandas Gandhi was a revolutionary leader in the movement for Indian independence from Great Britain, and led nonviolent protests to work for the social and economic rights of the oppressed. Gandhi was imprisoned several times for his activism.Full Answer >
The most important events in the life of Mahatma Gandhi centered around his fight for India's independence. In 1930, in perhaps his most important show of disobedience, he walked 200 miles to the sea to get salt as a symbolic act of rebellion against Great Britain's monopoly on salt.Full Answer >