Although French public opinion toward women as a whole tended to consider them as wives and mothers, many French women had different ideas and were actively involved in all parts of the Revolution. Regardless of public opinion, women made many important strides to demonstrate their independence during this time of political change.Know More
Women fared differently during different phases of the French Revolution and not all women participated in the same way or had anywhere near the same views of the Revolution itself. This was particularly true of aristocrats like Marie Antoinette, who was famously executed along with her husband, King Louis, during the Revolution. Many women attempted to participate in revolutionary activities, although this was met with mixed success. In a successful group of political action by women, a large group of angry women gathered for the March to Versailles, an early event in the Revolution that was brought about by bread shortages causing hunger and hardship for ordinary citizens. The March happened soon after the fall of the Bastille in 1789, and the female protestors were eventually joined by a group of men outside the palace.
The Revolution itself inspired great social change in France, leading women to call for increased social justice. One such woman was Olympe de Gouges, who published the "Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen" in 1791 as a counterpart to the famous revolutionary document that focused specifically on the rights of men. De Gouges is a symbol not only for France's growing feminism, but also for the Revolutionary opposition to changing gender roles. The Jacobin Club, one of the most influential political groups during the Revolution, executed de Gouges in 1793 and outlawed female political clubs on the grounds that women belonged in the private sphere of family rather than in the world of politics.Learn more about French Revolution
The effects of the French Revolution had a major impact on France and Europe, which influenced and transformed these countries. About.com explains that the effects of the French Revolution resulted in an established democratic institution, elections, constitutions and a modern government. These effects changed laws and the hierarchy of power.Full Answer >
The most important causes of the French Revolution were the nation's debt, the refusal of the nobility and the clergy to pay taxes, egalitarian philosophies, and high food costs. These factors destabilized society and increased the political influence of the commoners.Full Answer >
The French Revolution was a 10-year period of upheaval in the country that began in 1789 with the summoning of the Estates-General by King Louis XVI. The deputies of the three Estates of French society were to meet to deliberate voting on taxes to fund the financially weakened Bourbon monarchy.Full Answer >
The main social cause of the French Revolution was the high population density in the country. Overpopulation caused an unrelenting strain on natural resources in the country, and this led to a number of complications that eventually gave rise to the revolution.Full Answer >