Militarism was a cause of World War I, as European nations raced towards building up their defenses and weapons. This was especially prevalent in Germany, but there were also militaristic endeavors in Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, Italy and Russia.Know More
The Germans developed a new training regime and invented weapons and communication devices for battle. After 1871, the German Imperial Army was led by the former Prussian army, which had a strong influence on the German parliament.
The arms race was in full swing leading up to 1914. There were improvements in weaponry, such as increased caliber, range and accuracy. Machine guns were made smaller and faster. Barbed wire and poison gas were developed.
In response to Germany's development of the U-boat, a submarine, Britain expanded the Royal Navy and introduced the dreadnought, a large battleship. The French doubled the size of their army. Russia, Austria-Hungary and Italy also increased military spending.Learn more about World War 1
According to About.com, Germany was not a major cause of the start of World War I. In fact, it was Austria-Hungary that first declared war on Serbia, leading to the beginning of WWI. Not all countries entered into WWI at the same time. Japan, Italy and the United States are examples of countries that took part in the war but were not involved from the beginning.Full Answer >
After it was over, World War I was called "the war to end all wars" because it was so destructive that the nations of the world wanted to prevent such slaughter from ever happening again. This prompted prolonged negotiations over proposed solutions like the League of Nations. Unfortunately, rather than end war, the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 set the stage for World War II.Full Answer >
The Zimmerman telegram was a communication from German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmerman to the Mexican government meant to persuade Mexico to form an alliance with Germany during World War I. It played a vital role in inflaming the American people against Germany and pushing President Woodrow Wilson to declare war on Germany. Shortly after the telegram became public, the United States entered the war on the side of the Allies.Full Answer >
John J. Pershing was commander of the American Expeditionary Forces, which were the armies sent to Europe to fight in World War I. Pershing went from commanding around 130,000 men to over 2 million in just a little over a year and a half. He was faced with making all the decisions on the front, from supplies to troop movements.Full Answer >