Rosa Parks is most famous for her refusal to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Ala. bus on Dec. 1, 1955. During that time, U.S. segregation laws demanded African-Americans sit in the back seats of the bus, and to automatically give up their seat if a white person requested it. Rosa Parks was arrested and fined for her refusal. Her arrest was a catalyst for the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which began the Civil Rights Movement.Know More
Rosa Parks boarded the bus after a day of work as a seamstress at the Montogomery Fair department store. She took a seat right behind the section reserved for whites. Parks sat alongside three other African-Americans. The white section began to fill, and one white passenger was in need of a seat. The other three African-American passengers emptied the row after being harshly admonished by the driver to "Let me have those front seats." Parks, however, quietly refused and remained seated. Although there was now room for the white passenger, laws stated that white passengers should not sit near African-American passengers.
As the driver and Rosa Parks waited for the police to arrive, Parks remained in the seat at the risk of being mistreated by the driver and passengers. She was placed in jail, found guilty after a 30-minute trial and fined $14 including court costs.Learn more about US History
Rosa Parks became famous in Montgomery, Ala., on Dec. 1, 1955. She refused to give up her seat toward the front of a bus to a white male when segregation was written into law. Parks was arrested on the spot for violating Montgomery City Code.Full Answer >
Rosa Parks attended a one-room school in Pine Level, Ala. as a young child. From there, she attended many segregated schools throughout Montgomery, Ala., including the Industrial School for Girls. For high school, Parks attended a laboratory school known as the All African American Booker T. Washington High School.Full Answer >
Rosa Parks worked as a secretary for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in Montgomery, Ala., from 1943 to 1956. In 1956, she and her husband Raymond moved from Alabama to Detroit, Mich., where she worked as an aide to Congressman John Conyers.Full Answer >
Civil Rights icon Rosa Parks was 42 years old when she was arrested on December 1, 1955, just a few weeks shy of her February 4 birthday. While riding on a segregated public bus in Montgomery, Alabama, Mrs. Parks was seated directly behind the front section designated for white passengers; that section filled up, and when a bus driver ordered Mrs. Parks to move to allow a white passenger to take her seat, she refused. She was arrested for this action, which violated a Montgomery city law that enforced the practice of racial segregation on public transportation.Full Answer >