Fresh sweet flag plants, incorrectly termed "rushes," were periodically spread on medieval castle floors as a floor covering. These reed-like plants were inexpensive and plentiful and, when mixed with fresh herbs, were a good way to cover dirt while sweetening the air.Know More
Sweet flag is a tall, smooth, fragrant plant that grows well in wetlands and boggy areas. In medieval times, bundles of these plants were gathered up and spread across some castle floors and the dirt floors of many medieval churches and cathedrals. Fragrant, often medicinal herbs were sprinkled among the rushes partly to sweeten aging rushes and partly to discourage bugs and molds. Fresh rushes were sometimes spread on top of the old rushes, and at other times, the entire floor was swept clean of old rushes and debris and scrubbed first. This practice served to disguise dirt and debris while insulating rooms from the cold.
In the late Medieval and early Renaissance periods, loose rushes gave way to woven or stitched rush mats on floors, which provided similar benefits but wore well and were easier to replace. By the time of the English Tudors, floor coverings in castles were mostly purchased rush mats. Carpets were used as well, but these more expensive floor coverings were often layered over rush mats for special occasions and removed for everyday use.Learn more about Middle Ages
The postclassical period in western Europe is the period that began immediately after the end of the Roman Empire (the classical period) and is most often called the Middle Ages or the Medieval Ages. Some scholars prefer to use Medieval Ages instead of the Middle Ages because they believe this makes the time period sound trivial and inconsequential when compared with the classical period and Renaissance period.Full Answer >
The gods and goddesses of ancient Norse mythology are part of a pantheon collectively known as the Aesir; these gods include Odin, a leader who is occasionally referred to as the All-Father, his consort Frigg, the goddess of motherhood, and their son Thor, the god of thunder. There are other gods in this pantheon, including some belonging to an earlier group of gods known as the Vanir. As with other polytheistic religious traditions, the Norse gods and goddesses each tend to be responsible for a certain area of nature or human life, and they tend to be described as having unique personalities in addition to their specialized powers and concerns.Full Answer >
Hernando de Soto is known to have made at least three major expeditions during his lifetime. As a teen, he sailed to the West Indies. In 1532, he accompanied Francisco Pizarro to Peru. His last voyage was to North America.Full Answer >
Many people who lived in Victorian times had clocks in their homes or at work. Clocks may not have been quite as widespread as today, but they were quite common during this era.Full Answer >