Q:

What was the significance of the Battle of the Bulge during WWII?

A:

Quick Answer

The Battle of the Bulge, also known as the Ardennes Counteroffensive, was a final and desperate attempt by Adolph Hitler to force a negotiated peace treaty with the Allied Forces on the Western Front. A weak spot in the Allied lines in the Ardennes Forest close to the German border was struck by about 250,000 German troops in a surprise attack on December 16, 1944, initiating what was to become the bloodiest battle in United States military history. The battle, which lasted until January 25, 1945, saw combined military casualties estimated to be as high as 190,000, but the Allied victory resulted in a fatal blow to the German forces which led, ultimately, to the fall of Berlin and Germany's unconditional surrender on May 8, 1945.

  Know More

Full Answer

Allied overconfidence combined with poor reconnaissance and a preoccupation with offensive strategies gave the German forces the significant advantage of the element of surprise. The counteroffensive enabled German troops to achieve a 50 to 80 mile westward bulge into the Allied front lines that gave the battle the name by which it is most commonly known. The American forces, after heavy and snowbound fighting on rough terrain and in freezing temperatures, were able to regroup and launch a counterattack that pushed the Allied front lines back to the positions held before the battle began. After the battle, Germany's reserve forces were depleted, its air force was shattered, and what was left of the German army was in retreat.

Learn more about World War 2

Related Questions

  • Q:

    Where did the Battle of the Bulge take place?

    A:

    The Battle of the Bulge took place in the Ardennes region of France, Belgium and Luxembourg. This battle occurred between Dec. 14, 1944 and Jan. 25, 1945.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Who was involved in the Battle of the Somme?

    A:

    Also known as the Somme Offensive, the Battle of the Somme was initiated by the French and British against the German Empire while attempting to make ground on the Western Front during World War I. The battle lasted from July to November 1916 near the Somme River in northwestern France.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Who was Richard Winters?

    A:

    Richard Winters was a U.S. Army officer who served in World War II, Operation Market Garden, the Western Allied invasion of Germany and in the Battle of the Bulge. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the Purple Heart and the Bronze Star on two occasions.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What was the importance of the Battle of the Coral Sea?

    A:

    The Battle of the Coral Sea was important because it thwarted the Japanese attempt to invade Port Moresby in New Guinea, depriving them of a secure zone between Japan and Australia. According to History.com, it was also the first air-sea battle in history in which planes launched from aircraft carriers at sea played a vital role.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore