The Second Battle of the Marne was the last major German offensive on the Western Front of World War I. The Allied victory is considered the turning point of the war. It marked the beginning of the counter-offensive which culminated in Germany's surrender three months later.Know More
The battle took place from July 15 to Aug. 5, 1918. German general Erich Ludendorff believed that Germany could win the war with one final push on France. His plan was to make a diversionary attack along the Marne river to draw out the British Expeditionary Force and split the French Army in two.
The British and French were reinforced with soldiers from the United States, which had entered the war in 1917. Several American military units established enduring legends for their service in the battle: the Third Infantry Division earned the nickname "The Rock of the Marne," and the Marines were given the nickname "Devil Dogs" by the Germans for their valor at Belleau Wood.
After the German failure to break through the Allied lines, the Allies began a counter-offensive on July 18 and continued through Aug. 5. For the next three months, the exhausted Germans were gradually pushed back through the gains they had made since the war began. They surrendered in November of 1918.Learn more about World War 1
In World War I, the Western Front was the German name for the theatre of war in Western Europe, primarily along a 440-mile line of trenches from the Franco-Swiss border to the North Sea. The front was the site of a years-long stalemate between the Allied and Central Powers that resulted in the loss of millions of lives. The Western Front staged both the beginning and ending of the war.Full Answer >
The armies on both sides of the First World War lived and died in the elaborate trenches they constructed on the Western Front. Advances in weaponry without commensurate advances in mobility trapped the opposing forces in their respective trench systems until the development and use of the armored tank in the last year of the war.Full Answer >
Thirty-two countries were involved in World War I. The United States, Russia, Italy, Britain and France were the core of the Allied Forces, and they fought against a group of countries known as the Central Powers, which included Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany and the Ottoman Empire.Full Answer >
Military training and the constant threat of death helped to maintain discipline in the trenches during World War I. The trenches held many different dangers for soldiers, and the best way to avoid harm was to follow orders and wait for nightfall or a change in duties.Full Answer >