The 1968 Tet Offensive weakened American support of the Vietnam War and triggered the slow process of withdrawal of American military forces. It marked the turning point in the Vietnam War.Know More
On January 31, 1968, 70,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces launched an attack with the intent of breaking the alliance between the United States and the South Vietnamese and forcing the United States to negotiate or withdraw altogether. As vivid reports of the fighting were broadcast in the United States, it became clear to the U.S. public that the continued fighting had created a credibility gap between the administration's optimistic reports and the harsh reality of the war, and American support for the war dwindled.
According to the Department of State, after the third phase of attacks ended in August, U.S. generals requested additional troops in order to mount a counteroffensive, but President Johnson vetoed the request because he recognized that adding more troops to the war was untenable in Vietnam and unpopular in the United States. In March of 1969, Johnson announced he was not running for re-election, and left the peace negotiations to Nixon, who finally withdrew the last of the American forces in August 1974.Learn more about Vietnam War
The struggle between French colonial forces and native Vietnamese citizens supported by Chinese communists was one of the root causes of the Vietnam War. United States forces entered the conflict in support of the French in order to fight communism. When the French left, the Americans fought the war alone.Full Answer >
There were 1.4 million casualties during the Vietnam War. This number accounts for casualties on both sides of the conflict. Over 2 million soldiers of both sides were wounded in the war but not killed.Full Answer >
U.S. military forces used defoliants to remove strategic forest cover and potential food crops used by Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces during the Vietnam War. The primary defoliant used was a chemical mixture named Agent Orange.Full Answer >
According to History Learning Site, some cons of the Vietnam War included its bloody guerrilla warfare, the loss of innocent lives, the draft-- which removed men's choice to serve-- and the belief that it was not the United States' war to fight. In contrast, there was a compelling argument that the war took a stand against communism when so many countries were falling prey to communist governments.Full Answer >