Similarities between Japanese and European feudalism include a social system of various classes with little possibility of mobility from one class to another, the proffering of allegiance in exchange for protection, a warrior class with a code of honor and a peasant class tied to the land. Both societies also had clergy that functioned outside the normal feudal system.
In Japanese feudal society, the shogun, representing the emperor, ruled through daimyo, or feudal lords. In European feudalism, the king ruled through his nobles. Both societies had strong warrior classes that pledged allegiance to their lords. In Japan, the samurai followed a set of principles known as bushido. They carried two swords as symbols of their status and had the right to behead anyone from the lower classes who did not show them proper respect. In feudal Europe, knights were pledged to their lord's service and followed a code of ethics known as chivalry. Peasants in both societies were bound to the land and turned over a portion of their produce in return for protection.
The Shinto and Buddhist priests of feudal Japan and the various levels of Catholic clergy in European feudalism existed outside the strict manorial system. Women in both societies were expected to submit to male heads of households. Historians point out that though these broad areas of similarity exist, they tend to oversimplify the cultural differences that shaped the two societies.Learn More
Mahatma Ghandi's parents were Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi and Putlibai Gandhi. Mahatma was born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on Oct. 2nd, 1869, in Porbander, which is located on the Kathiawar Peninsula in the west of India. He was his parents' fourth and final child.Full Answer >
The Nine Gems of Akbar were an advisory council for the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Their names were Abul Fazl, Faizi, Mian Tansen, Raja Birbal, Raja Todar Mal, Raja Man Singh, Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khan, Fagir Aziao Din and Mullah Do Piaza. Akbar intended that this advisory council enlighten and guide him during his reign. The Nine Gems were named so because of their intellectual prowess and talents.Full Answer >
Mahatma Gandhi's four sons were named Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas. Gandhi had all four children with his wife, Kasturba, whom he married in May of 1883, when he was 13 years old. They had an arranged marriage, which is customary in India.Full Answer >
The Communist Revolution in China was a civil war between the Communist Party of China and the Chinese Nationalist Party that occurred in 1949 and 1950. On Oct. 1, 1949, Communist leader Mao Zedong declared the country was now the People's Republic of China, and the two sides began open warfare. The Communists quickly gained the upper hand, taking over the country while the Nationalists retreated to Taiwan.Full Answer >