Similarities between Japanese and European feudalism include a social system of various classes with little possibility of mobility from one class to another, the proffering of allegiance in exchange for protection, a warrior class with a code of honor and a peasant class tied to the land. Both societies also had clergy that functioned outside the normal feudal system.Know More
In Japanese feudal society, the shogun, representing the emperor, ruled through daimyo, or feudal lords. In European feudalism, the king ruled through his nobles. Both societies had strong warrior classes that pledged allegiance to their lords. In Japan, the samurai followed a set of principles known as bushido. They carried two swords as symbols of their status and had the right to behead anyone from the lower classes who did not show them proper respect. In feudal Europe, knights were pledged to their lord's service and followed a code of ethics known as chivalry. Peasants in both societies were bound to the land and turned over a portion of their produce in return for protection.
The Shinto and Buddhist priests of feudal Japan and the various levels of Catholic clergy in European feudalism existed outside the strict manorial system. Women in both societies were expected to submit to male heads of households. Historians point out that though these broad areas of similarity exist, they tend to oversimplify the cultural differences that shaped the two societies.Learn More
A feudal monarchy is a system of political organization that has its basis in relationships between land owners (nobles) and the people who work the land in return for the nobles' protection (serfs). This system of government was prevalent in Western Europe during the Middle Ages, from the ninth to the 15th centuries.Full Answer >
During the Meiji Restoration, Japan radically altered its political structure and embarked on a plan of industrialization to help it compete with Western nations. Though the reforms caused some violent opposition, the government had reached its objectives by the early 20th century.Full Answer >
Pan-Asian means having to do with all Asian peoples. Various ideologies promoting the unity of all Asian people are also referred to as Pan-Asianism. The prefix pan- by itself means relating to all of the people or places of a given group.Full Answer >
Srinivasa Ramanujan made great contributions to the field of mathematics, including a collaboration with well-known mathematician H.G. Hardy in developing the formula for the number, p(n), of partitions of a number "n." His discoveries also led to the infinite series for infinity formulation.Full Answer >