Little is known in detail about the societal structure of the ancient Indus Valley inhabitants, because their writings have not been deciphered as of 2014. However, archaeologists have made many discoveries that suggest Indus society was highly egalitarian with a centralized government. Statues and art from that time suggest a high degree of equality with regional leaders forming a central authority.Know More
The people of the Indus Valley are also known as Harappans, named after one of the major cities of the civilization. Early Harappans inhabited the geographical areas of present-day Pakistan and India around 3300 B.C. and remained there until unknown events led to the fall of the society around 1800 B.C. Scholars disagree on exactly what caused this downfall, but there is a general consensus of opinion that it was a gradual decline and not necessarily a catastrophic event.
One thing that is known about the Harappans is that they were highly urbanized and traded extensively. Many of their artifacts have been found in the ruins of other civilizations These artifacts give more clues about the societal structure of the Indus Valley, as many of them were made uniformly in patterns and materials. This suggests a highly standardized system, which supports the hypothesis that they were egalitarian. Though some evidence of leadership has been found, it is believed these were local leaders who led based on a model practiced throughout the entire civilization.Learn more about Prehistory
A British traveler named Charles Masson unwittingly stumbled upon what would lead to uncovering the Indus Valley when he encountered several mounds of bricks in India in the 1820s. Three decades later, engineers building a railroad through the same area found more of these bricks, which eventually prompted archaeologists to investigate. The bricks, it turned out, were part of the Indus Valley civilization.Full Answer >
Aristotle was one of the most important ancient Greek philosophers, best known for his writings that cover a wide variety of subjects, such as metaphysics, music, politics and poetry. Aristotle was a student of Plato and the mentor of Alexander the Great.Full Answer >
Research suggests that the people of the Indus Valley civilization were peaceful. No weapons or other forms of protection from invaders or other civilizations were used. According to USHistory.org, no evidence of a military has been found in the remains of these ancient cities.Full Answer >
Silicon Valley is known for being the center of high-tech innovation and development. Silicon Valley is home to numerous technology corporations and an ever-growing population of start up companies. The Silicon Valley, which is a nickname for the San Francisco Bay area, began back in 1939 when William Hewlett and David Packard began their electronics company in Palo Alto.Full Answer >