Though all the countries in Southeast Asia are independent as of 2014, only Thailand retained its independence during the Colonial Era. However, Thailand, which was known as Siam at the time, was still heavily influenced by the imperialist powers that colonized the rest of Southeast Asia.
Despite its nominal independence, Thailand signed a number of treaties with European powers and the United States. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the first of these was the Bowring Treaty. Signed in 1855, this treaty with the United Kingdom eliminated all trade restrictions, allowed separate law courts of British subjects and established a British consulate in Bangkok. Following this, Western advisers began flooding into the country to modernize it, and British and French forces began to slice away portions of Siam. However, because it acted as an effective buffer state between British Burma and French Indochina, the Thais preserved some ability to control their own affairs.Learn More
Rice is the largest crop of Southeast Asia. Fifty-eight percent of the world's rice is produced in the region, with Thailand the world's second-largest rice exporter (following China). Tea, spices and coconuts are also major food crops produced in Southeast Asia.Full Answer >
The countries of maritime Southeast Asia are Indonesia, East Malaysia, East Timor, Philippines and Singapore. Cambodia, Laos, West Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam and Thailand are the countries of mainland Southeast Asia. Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands are territories of Southeast Asia, although they are both governed by Australia. Andaman and Nicobar Islands are administrative subdivisions of Southeast Asian countries.Full Answer >
The greatest achievement of Mahatma Gandhi is his lifelong fight for India's independence, which finally happened on August 15, 1947. After India won its independence from British rule in 1947, Gandhi successfully fasted for 21 days, which encouraged the Muslims and Indians to end their war.Full Answer >
Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Mahatma Gandhi headed India's movement for independence by challenging the British not with violence and weapons, but with peaceful protests and stirring inspirational speeches. Gandhi shared his vision of civilization when he said "An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind."Full Answer >