"The Arrogance and Cruelty of Power" speech, delivered by Supreme Court Justice Robert Jackson, introduced the court to the American prosecution's case against the defendants who faced indictment for war crimes related to their role in the German government and the Nazi party. The speech was the opening statement before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg on Nov. 21, 1945.Know More
Justice Jackson's intent was to frame the case as the prosecution of a conspiracy against the civilized nations that the defendants knew would lead to war. In his opening remarks, Jackson urged that the court prosecute the defendants, not for their own crimes, which he called "petty," but as a warning to future aggressors that war itself is a crime punishable by international law. In this speech, and throughout the subsequent trial, Jackson made an effort to frame the prosecution as a civilized response to crimes so heinous that the world could not survive their repetition.
Jackson's speech at Nuremberg was brief, but it expressed the dual concepts of Nazism as a vast criminal conspiracy to plunder and exploit a defeated Europe and the individual guilt of the men in the dock. Nationalist aggression as a crime in itself was a new concept at the time, and Jackson's speech was intended to not only introduce the concept, but to convince the court of its legitimacy.Learn more in World War 2
Many factors lead to World War II, and many of them were either directly or indirectly linked to World War I, including dissatisfaction over the Treaty of Versailles, the rise of Fascism and Hitler's rise to power and his eventual aggression, using his Nazi party to fulfill a mission to unite all German-speaking people.Full Answer >
The role of Winston Churchill in WWII was to lead Great Britain in their fight against the Germans. He was Prime Minister of Great Britain and was able to rally the people of Great Britain during the war.Full Answer >
The purpose of the Nuremburg trials, held in Nuremburg, Germany between 1945 and 1949, was to prosecute Nazi war criminals after World War II. The International Military Tribune that conducted the trails consisted of judges from each of the main Allied powers: the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union.Full Answer >
The Marshall Plan was a federal rescue plan developed to allow the United States to assist European nations on both sides of the war in rebuilding damaged industry and infrastructure in the wake of World War II; the secondary goal of the Marshall Plan was to help prevent the growth of Communist influence in the war-ravaged areas. Under the Marshall Plan, the United States gave $17 billion to European countries beginning in 1948. Named for Secretary of State George Marshall, who served under President Harry Truman, the Marshall Plan had widespread bipartisan support in the Federal Government.Full Answer >