"The Arrogance and Cruelty of Power" speech, delivered by Supreme Court Justice Robert Jackson, introduced the court to the American prosecution's case against the defendants who faced indictment for war crimes related to their role in the German government and the Nazi party. The speech was the opening statement before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg on Nov. 21, 1945.Know More
Justice Jackson's intent was to frame the case as the prosecution of a conspiracy against the civilized nations that the defendants knew would lead to war. In his opening remarks, Jackson urged that the court prosecute the defendants, not for their own crimes, which he called "petty," but as a warning to future aggressors that war itself is a crime punishable by international law. In this speech, and throughout the subsequent trial, Jackson made an effort to frame the prosecution as a civilized response to crimes so heinous that the world could not survive their repetition.
Jackson's speech at Nuremberg was brief, but it expressed the dual concepts of Nazism as a vast criminal conspiracy to plunder and exploit a defeated Europe and the individual guilt of the men in the dock. Nationalist aggression as a crime in itself was a new concept at the time, and Jackson's speech was intended to not only introduce the concept, but to convince the court of its legitimacy.Learn more about World War 2
The Marshall Plan was a federal rescue plan developed to allow the United States to assist European nations on both sides of the war in rebuilding damaged industry and infrastructure in the wake of World War II; the secondary goal of the Marshall Plan was to help prevent the growth of Communist influence in the war-ravaged areas. Under the Marshall Plan, the United States gave $17 billion to European countries beginning in 1948. Named for Secretary of State George Marshall, who served under President Harry Truman, the Marshall Plan had widespread bipartisan support in the Federal Government.Full Answer >
World War II ended in two stages: the total destruction of the German government in Berlin in May 1945 and the capitulation of the Japanese government four months later. In each case, the victorious Allies accepted the unconditional surrender of the Axis nations' land, sea and air forces, as well as a political surrender of their civil governments.Full Answer >
A disposition date in court is the date a case is actually closed. Both civil and criminal court cases have disposition dates although courts use different terminology. Some courts use terms like “closed,” “resolved” or “judgment” instead of disposition date.Full Answer >
The closing remarks, or conclusion, of a speech emphasize the primary message that the speaker wants to convey. These final words help the audience remember the main points that were made.Full Answer >