The first state to recognize Christmas as an official United States holiday was Alabama in 1836. Arkansas and Louisiana officially recognized Christmas 2 years later. Christmas was an important seasonal holiday in the South while the Northern states typically saw the celebration as sinful.
Interest in Christmas increased in the 1820s due to literature such as "A Visit From St. Nicholas" by Clement Clarke Moore. In 1850, the idea of the Christmas tree was introduced to the U.S., and it became a common practice by the 1870s. Old Puritan customs in New England originally kept Christmas from being a cheerful celebration, and the holiday saw a transition in the area in the 1850s. By 1860, 14 states, including several from the New England region, had made Christmas a legal holiday. It became a federal holiday in 1885.Learn More
Life for African Americans in the American South in the 1930s was not easy: they faced racial discrimination, a nearly constant threat of violence and far fewer employment opportunities than whites. The economic situation in the 1930s was grim at best, even downright dire. In most areas, the few jobs that were available went to whites, who generally had better access to education and important social services like health care and subsidies.Full Answer >
The Union Army of the Potomac, under the command of General Ulysses S. Grant, won the Battle of Petersburg. Grant seized the city of Petersburg, Va., and forced the retreat of General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia on April 2, 1865.Full Answer >
The goals of the Progressive Movement were to try to and solve problems within the American society that had evolved during the industrial growth that happened in the latter part of the 19th century, including fighting for the rights of the lower classes. The country had become prosperous and strong businesses developed; however, there was a large disparity between the wealthy and the poor. The Progressive Movement wanted to bring equality to the nation.Full Answer >
Benjamin Franklin’s most prominent contributions during the American Revolution were helping to draft the Declaration of Independence and successfully negotiating an alliance with France. In 1776, Franklin was on the five-member committee that helped craft the Declaration of Independence. Later that year, Congress sent Franklin to France and he gained their support against the English. The French agreed to provide soldiers, supplies and money for the colonial war effort.Full Answer >