During the second half of the 19th century, the Chicago area became one of the world’s largest producers of steel, employing tens of thousands of local people, who worked to convert iron ore into steel and melted steel into various products, including train rails. Since then, steel and iron have been ranked major important economic enterprises in the U.S.Know More
The development of the steel industry was associated with a geographical advantage, where mills could acquire raw materials from the expansive iron ore deposits in the Lake Superior region more easily and relatively cheaply. Initially, most of the iron ore used by the American steel industry was obtained from Minnesota and Michigan. The proliferation of the iron and steel industry in the Chicago area meant that companies could enjoy relatively lower costs than competitors located elsewhere. This was particularly made possible by the removal of “Pittsburgh Plus” regulation, which was the U.S. government's pricing system that had protected Pennsylvania mills against competition.
The steel industry led to the emergence of iron foundries that melted pre-processed iron ingots and cast them into products such as stoves and broilers. The most important development, however, was the establishment of the great iron-shaping enterprises in Chicago, which produced rails for railroads. During this period, the first rail-rolling mill was built in Chicago.Learn more about Industrial Revolution
In the 19th century, the British used indirect rule in Nigeria to prevent resistance from the local people and to save on the cost of running a government. In indirect rule, the British chose local leaders who were loyal to them to rule and collect taxes on their behalf. Resistant leaders were quickly replaced.Full Answer >
Working conditions in the 1800s were very poor. Children were often expected to work in very poor conditions as well.Full Answer >
Planes, trains and automobiles were available during the 1930s, and other technological advances led to the availability of telephones, radios and electric ranges, which improved on their wood-burning or gas predecessors. In fact, the 1930 census included the question of whether families had radio in their homes. Radar, scotch tape, long-playing phonographs, frozen foods, color and talking movies, and cartoons were all inventions of the 1930s.Full Answer >
Football originated in the United States in the second half of the 19th century as a cross between soccer and rugby. In 1873, four colleges met in New York City and established the Intercollegiate Football Association, which set out to establish the first official rules for intercollegiate football.Full Answer >