Q:

What is a summary of the Reconstruction Act of 1867?

A:

Quick Answer

Essentially, the Reconstruction Act of 1867 turned the South into a conquered military state, which mainly divided the South into five regions, each governed by a Union general. The act is known by several names, including the First Reconstruction Act and the Military Reconstruction Act.

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Full Answer

The five regions were Virginia under General John Schofield; North Carolina and South Carolina under General Daniel Sickles; Georgia, Alabama and Florida under General John Pope; Arkansas and Mississippi under General Edward Ord; and Texas and Louisiana under Generals Philip Sheridan and Winfield Scott Hancock. The act also established martial law in the five regions, and soldiers were sent to those areas to act as law enforcers. Six states reentered the Union in 1868, Arkansas, North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Alabama and Florida, after rewriting their state constitutions, but the other four, Virginia, Mississippi, Texas and Georgia, did not re-enter the Union until 1870.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What was a major result of the Reconstruction period?

    A:

    A major result of the Reconstruction period in American history was the dominance of the Democratic party in the South. By pandering to racism and Southern pride, the Democrats were able to further demonize the Republican party and win the majority of white male votes.

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    What were the main features of the Reconstruction Act?

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    The Reconstruction Acts of 1867 to 1868 created five districts in the seceded states, headed by a military official who had the power to appoint and remove state officials; allowed all freedmen the right to vote; required states to draft documents providing for black male suffrage and permitted Southern states to rejoin the Union with the ratification of the 14th Amendment. President Andrew Johnson vetoed these measures but was overridden.

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    What is a summary of the Currency Act?

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    How did Reconstruction end?

    A:

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