The ten plagues of Egypt were blood, frogs, gnats and lice, flies, diseased livestock, boils, hail, locusts, darkness and the death of the firstborn. The plagues occurred when the pharaoh would not let the Israelites go into the wilderness to celebrate their religious rites. Moses attempted to convince the pharaoh by turning his staff into a snake, but when court magicians repeated the transformation, the pharaoh was unconvinced.Know More
As the plagues began in Egypt, the court magicians attempted to calm the pharaoh by showing that they were just magic tricks. Indeed, the magicians were able to replicate the effects of the Nile turning into blood and the plague of frogs, but the scale of the plagues quickly outstripped their talents for prestidigitation. Several times during the plagues the pharaoh relented and agreed to let Moses and his people go, only to change his mind once the plague ended.
Each of the plagues was geared toward a particular Egyptian god or gods, in order to embarrass them and display the power of the Hebrew God. For instance, the livestock plague showed how powerless Hathor was to protect farm animals, and the plague of darkness showed that Ra was not the true ruler of the sky. The death of the firstborn was aimed directly at the pharaoh and his household, and it finally won the Israelites their freedom.Learn More
The civil servants of ancient Egypt were called scribes, or sekhau. Scribes had many roles, including tax collection, conducting the census and overseeing the harvest and distribution of the food supply.Full Answer >
King Tutankhamun rose to the throne when he was just a boy in 1332 B.C. (or 1336 B.C. by some accounts) and ruled Egypt until his death in 1323 B.C. He was born around 1341 B.C.Full Answer >
King Tut's importance to Egypt is primarily because of the search for his tomb and the spectacles found within it. He played a very minor role in the history of ancient Egypt, as his rule was short and uneventful.Full Answer >
Khufu ruled Egypt during the 26th or 25th centuries BC. This powerful pharaoh of the fourth dynasty of the Old Kingdom is also well known by his Greek name, Cheops.Full Answer >