The ten plagues of Egypt were blood, frogs, gnats and lice, flies, diseased livestock, boils, hail, locusts, darkness and the death of the firstborn. The plagues occurred when the pharaoh would not let the Israelites go into the wilderness to celebrate their religious rites. Moses attempted to convince the pharaoh by turning his staff into a snake, but when court magicians repeated the transformation, the pharaoh was unconvinced.Know More
As the plagues began in Egypt, the court magicians attempted to calm the pharaoh by showing that they were just magic tricks. Indeed, the magicians were able to replicate the effects of the Nile turning into blood and the plague of frogs, but the scale of the plagues quickly outstripped their talents for prestidigitation. Several times during the plagues the pharaoh relented and agreed to let Moses and his people go, only to change his mind once the plague ended.
Each of the plagues was geared toward a particular Egyptian god or gods, in order to embarrass them and display the power of the Hebrew God. For instance, the livestock plague showed how powerless Hathor was to protect farm animals, and the plague of darkness showed that Ra was not the true ruler of the sky. The death of the firstborn was aimed directly at the pharaoh and his household, and it finally won the Israelites their freedom.Learn more about Ancient Egypt
Although slaves in ancient Egypt worked very hard and were at the disposal of their masters, ancient manuscripts and relics suggest that their lives were comparatively better than those of slaves in other cultures. In fact, there is very little distinction in Egyptian records between slaves and servants. Slaves were housed, fed, and given breaks throughout the workday. They also worked set hours, much like workers of today.Full Answer >
The three seasons observed in ancient Egypt were Akhet, Peret and Shemu. The seasons were associated with the three phases of farming as well as the rise and fall of the Nile River.Full Answer >
Egypt is called the gift of the Nile because the Nile River annually flooded its banks in ancient times, creating fertile farm fields for people to plant their crops. The term "gift of the Nile" was coined by the renowned philosopher and historian Herodotus.Full Answer >
Public education in ancient Egypt was very limited. Boys from wealthy families could attend school to learn how to become a scribe or doctor, but girls and lower-class boys were denied this opportunity.Full Answer >