Timbuktu was considered a very important place due to its geographic position in West Africa as a major economic city during the 15th and 16th centuries. It was also considered a vitally important city for the spread of Islam in Africa, due to the efforts of the University of Sankore.Know More
The city, located in Mali, was founded in the 5th century, and within 1,000 years became the hub of trade within the region. It was built at the crossroads of major trade routes, and was a popular place for scholars and architects to network with the artistic and intellectual elite.
The University of Sankore held 180 Koranic schools and enrolled over 25,000 students during the 15th and 16th centuries. These students spread Islam throughout West Africa. The city itself had a population of 100,000 people by the end of the 16th century.
Within the city are three mosques of historical importance: Djingareyber, Sankore and Sidi Yahia. The Djingareyber is the oldest of the mosques, dating back to 1325. The Sankore and Sidi Yahia mosques were both constructed in the early 15th century, but all three were rebuilt by Imam Al Aqib in the late 16th century.
The city was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1988, and in 2012 it was moved to the "in danger" list, meaning the city's historical architecture is under threat.Learn more about Modern History
During the 15th and 16th centuries, life was relatively difficult for anyone born without nobility or wealth. Many people began to explore new countries and regions during this time, which was difficult because of limited travel technology.Full Answer >
The Battle of Lexington and Concord, the first battle of the American Revolutionary War, took place on April 19, 1775. It began at dawn in Lexington, moved to Concord and continued until afternoon on the road back to Lexington during the retreat of the British troops.Full Answer >
The Bosnian War took place when Bosnia and Herzegovina attempted to declare independence in the wake of the dissolution of Yugoslavia and when Serbia attempted to prevent this breakaway. Aided by forces from Serbia, Bosnian Serbs took up arms against the Bosniaks and Croats in the country, triggering a violent and destructive war that lasted for more than three years.Full Answer >
The Tiananmen Square tragedy was originated by student protests and hunger strikes that began in April 1989, many weeks before the actual tragedy took place. The students and other protesters were asking for democracy to be brought to their country instead of the current communist government that ruled them. The Chinese government was not interested in the idea of democracy and was focused on the increase in jobs and a rise in their place as a world power.Full Answer >