Between 1607 and 1611, Henry Hudson made four exploratory journeys to the New World to try to find a passage through the Arctic to Asia. The first two journeys, in 1607 and 1608, were made on behalf of British companies. The third, in 1609, was financed by the Dutch East India Company. The fourth, in 1610-1611, was once again financed by the British.Know More
In May of 1607, Hudson and a small crew sailed to the east coast of Greenland, and headed north until the pack ice stopped them. They then headed east to the Svalbard archipelago and turned back. On his second attempt in 1608, Hudson sailed northeast around Russia but was again forced to turn back. In 1609, on his third voyage, after quickly being stopped from heading northeast, Hudson sailed west for Newfoundland and explored the northeast coast of Canada and the United States. During this journey he went up the river that now bears his name. On his last voyage, Hudson headed up Hudson Strait into Hudson Bay.
In June of 1611, Hudson's crew mutinied, accusing him of hoarding rations. They set Hudson, his son and seven sick crew members adrift on Hudson Bay in an open lifeboat. Hudson and the other castaways were never heard from again and presumably died of exposure, according to Biography.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
Henry of Portugal, who is also known as Henry the Navigator, was the patron of many sailing expeditions that explored the West African coast; through his explorations, maps were created of the known world, trade routes were established and Christianity was spread. Prince Henry is widely regarded as a major influence in the beginning of the Great Age of Discovery that began in the 15th century and lasted through the early 16th century.Full Answer >
The names of Henry Hudson's parents are unknown. There are few details available regarding Hudson's early life, although, according to Biography.com, it is believed he was born around 1565.Full Answer >
The Muscovy Company, British East India Company and private donors sponsored Henry Hudson's voyages. The Muscovy Company provided funding for his first three voyages, while the British East India Company and private firms added financial contributions for Hudson's third and fourth voyages. Henry Hudson gained financial support from the Muscovy Company, a financial firm, after announcing his intention to find a shorter route to Asia and in turn give Europe greater access to the goods and services of the Asian markets.Full Answer >
Henry Hudson was born in 1565 in England. He was an English explorer who made four voyages in search of a passage to Asia that was free from ice. The Hudson River and Hudson Bay are both named after him.Full Answer >