Q:

What types of food did the Caddo Indians eat?

A:

Quick Answer

Foods that Caddo Indians ate include pumpkins, corn, sunflower, beans and meat. Their main source of food was farming and they planted crops in the woods. Men hunted animals, such as deer, buffalo and rabbits, to get meat, while women went into the forests to gather roots, blackberries, acorns, persimmons and many other types of fruits.

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Full Answer

The Caddo Indians cleared large fields in the woods where they planted their crops. They used fires to clear away the grass and other weeds. They did this during the fall or winter every year to prevent regrowth of the grass. They prepared the fields using spades and hoes, which they made from bones and wood. After the harvest, they kept the best corn to use as seeds in the next planting season. They dried their produce and kept it in raised granaries to protect it from rodents.

Men formed hunting parties and would go as far as the Southern Plains to hunt. The Caddo Indians' favorite prey was the white-tailed deer. They hunted buffaloes once they had acquired horses that made it easy for them to chase animals. They also traded some of their produce to get foods from other communities.

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  • Q:

    In what states did the Caddo Indians live?

    A:

    The Caddo Native American tribe originally lived in the southwestern portion of what is now Arkansas and in nearby areas in what are now the states of Oklahoma, Louisiana and Texas. The Caddo communities were made up of households of sedentary farmers and hunters that were separated by woodlots and garden plots. When first approached by the French and Spanish explorers, the Caddo were part of an organized confederacy of three tribes that shared similar customs and languages.

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    Where did the Caddo Indians live?

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    Caddo Indians lived along the Red River in Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana, according to Texas State Historical Association. The piny forests in the area provided wood and food, while the temperate climate and good rainfall were ideal for farming.

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