When the British began sending settlers to the New World, the New England colonies were governed by one of two types of contracts: royal and charter. The two types of government differed mainly in whether the higher officials were directly responsible to England or to the colony itself.Know More
The royal colonies, such as New Hampshire, were ruled directly by officials sent from England. Effectively, a royal colony was viewed as good as an actual piece of British land in England. While the colonists elected their own legislature, the governor held the power over taxation.
Charter colonies included Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts. These colonies were self-governed and owned all of the rights to their contracts. This means that they were not ruled by any higher officials other than those that they themselves elected.
By 1763, the final year of the Seven Years' War, many of the colonies changed their type of government, with Massachusetts, for instance, becoming a royal colony. It is important to note that there was a third type of colony in the New World, proprietary colonies, but none of the New England colonies were of this type. Regardless of the form of government in a colony, all of the people living in it were subject to the same laws and had the same rights as they would have had back in England.Learn more about US History
Though the most important goal of early New England colonists was to provide food and necessities for themselves and their families, many settlers came to the New World in search of untapped resources and financial opportunities. Fur, lumber, fish and iron ore soon became important industries and helped establish New England's economic system, according to HowStuffWorks.Full Answer >
The Chesapeake and New England colonies, like many developing civilizations, formed into distinct societies due to the geography of their respective regions. The different available resources and climates of these societies gave way to different economies, populations and ways of life.Full Answer >
New England settlers found work as fishermen, dock workers, sailors, shipbuilders, merchants and artisans. Most people farmed, but the poor soil made anything but bare subsistence farming impossible.Full Answer >
The natural resources in colonial New England included furs, lumber, fish and whales. Later, New Englanders found rich deposits of iron ore and granite. These portable resources were ideal for England's purposes, because nascent British industries could take these raw materials, turn them into finished goods and sell them back to the colonies and other nations.Full Answer >