The Union blockade of the Georgia coast during the U.S. Civil War revolved around preventing supplies from being delivered to the port of Savannah, according to New Georgia Encyclopedia. The city was the most significant port in Georgia, and the Union strategy centered on securing bases around outlying islands to deny access to private merchants and mercenary ships.Know More
Before the full blockade was implemented, Confederate privateer Edward C. Anderson ran the Union blockade several times, starting in November 1861. The Union realized they needed to strengthen the blockade further to prevent smaller ships from getting into port. Securing Brunswick and St. Simons Island helped keep larger ships away. Small ships able to slip through did not bring enough supplies to help the Confederate cause.
A small fleet of seven Confederate gunboats, three of them ironclad, were no match for the Union Navy. Despite unique weapons, like the torpedo, Union forces maintained a stranglehold on the Savannah coast. A small victory came in June 1864 with the capture of the U.S.S. Water Witch while it was docked.
Georgians could only hold out for a limited amount of time. Union Gen. William T. Sherman's troops assaulted Fort McAllister in December 1864 and captured Savannah Dec. 22, 1864, thereby linking up with the Union Navy and ending the blockade.Learn more in US History
Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe in 1732 after he was given a charter by King George II to create a new colony between South Carolina and Florida. The state was subsequently named after the king.Full Answer >
Georgia's Charter of 1732 was a document granted to 20 trustees for the foundation of what became England's last colony in America, the colony of Georgia named after George, the king who issued the charter. The colony was founded by James Oglethorpe, who wanted it to serve as a colony for debtors and the poor. Its other major purpose was to act as a buffer state for South Carolina.Full Answer >
The city of Savannah was the first settlement in what would become the state of Georgia. It was settled on February 12th, 1733, by James Oglethorpe and a group of settlers that came from England aboard the ship Anne. The first group of settlers landed in the Carolinas and consisted of 114 people .Full Answer >
The Georgia colony was established as a buffer zone between the prosperous South Carolina colony to the north and Spanish Florida to the south. Although the founder, James Oglethorpe, originally envisioned Georgia as a haven for debtors and the poor, he was unable to realize that vision.Full Answer >