The United Nations was officially formed in October 1945 to promote cooperation among different countries. It had its roots in the former League of Nations, which was formed after World War I but disbanded after failing to prevent the second World War.Know More
During World War II, a group of 26 nations gathered together to sign the original Declaration of United Nations, in which each individual nation pledged to continue fighting the Axis powers and refuse to negotiate a separate peace with them. Following the war, a conference was held in San Francisco and representatives from 50 different nations attended. At this conference, the United Nations charter was officially ratified.
Peacekeeping is the primary concern of the United Nations. The organization helps negotiate peace treaties and supports the efforts of countries as they move towards democracy. On occasion, the United Nations dispatches soldiers to help with peacekeeping missions. The United Nations also seeks to promote human rights in all countries and strives to prevent the discrimination against and mistreatment of minorities across the globe. Other duties of the United Nations include providing humanitarian aid when necessary, such as organizing the drop-off of food and basic supplies in countries devastated by war and natural disasters.Learn More
Because of the high demands of the transatlantic slave trade, African coastal nations warred against nations on the interior for the sake of capturing humans. Over time, this devastated much of Africa, weakening once-wealthy nations and plunging the entire continent into easily exploited chaos.Full Answer >
World War II resulted in many far-reaching and long-term effects on the course of history, some of which included a major rearrangement of the power balance between nations, the beginning of the Atomic Age and the Cold War, the end of colonial empires and the rise of nationalism within former colonies, the creation of the United Nations and the European Union, numerous border changes and a restrengthening of the United States economy which had been previously debilitated by the Great Depression. The balance of power shifted to two major post-war alliances: NATO, which was led by the United States, and the Warsaw Pact led by the Soviet Union. This resulted in the Cold War power struggle and the eruption of several proxy wars, such as the Vietnam Conflict.Full Answer >
As of October 2014, the wreckage of Malaysian Airlines flight 370 has still not been found, although those responsible for searching for the plane have a much better idea of where it may have crashed thanks to data from Inmarsat, a British company that tracks in-flight planes using satellites. The search for the plane is concentrated in the Indian Ocean, several thousand miles west of Perth, Australia.Full Answer >
Operation Rolling Thunder was a campaign of strategic bombing of North Vietnam conducted from March 1965 to October 1968. Ordered by President Lyndon Johnson, the operation was intended to bolster the morale of the South Vietnamese and limit the ability of North Vietnam to wage war.Full Answer >