While the concept of a perfect society, or utopia, is as old as Plato's "Republic," the Utopian Movement gathered serious traction in 19th century America when thousands of people formed communities hoping to significantly improve on existing society. Many of these communities followed charismatic leaders and operated within a religious framework. Most of these societies dissolved with little trace by the early 20th century.Know More
The heyday of the Utopian Movement was between 1820 and 1860 in the United States. One of the remaining groups from this period of time is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, or Mormon Church. Joseph Smith founded this society in 1830, saying God had revealed to him a new set of holy scripture known as the "Book of Mormon." Smith's fledgling society encouraged polygamy, which angered a number of Americans who persecuted Mormons for this practice.
Other utopian societies that existed in the 19th century included the Oneida Community in upstate New York; the Shaker Movement, which existed in several states, including Kentucky and Indiana; and Brook Farm, a utopian community located in Massachusetts. Brook Farm residents helped to promote women's rights, labor rights and abolition. Many utopian societies failed owing to a lack of sufficient financial resources, while others experienced generational conflicts.Learn more about US History
The United States Western expansion during the 1800s was fueled by the attractive opportunities in the western territories for agricultural and economic development, land ownership and settlement and a strongly held belief in the concept of Manifest Destiny. The Western Expansion was also viewed by many as a way to escape from the increasingly industrialized and urbanized Eastern United States, and a means of returning to an idealized agrarian culture. Many industrious settlers heading west viewed the land as more than a means of self-sufficiency, and formulated plans to generate a significant degree of profit from the western territories.Full Answer >
The three goals of the New Deal were to improve the economic level, to implement laws to eradicate poverty and unemployment and to provide help to less unfortunate Americans. These were the plans of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt when he first took office in 1933.Full Answer >
According to the Miller Center, the goal of the 1889 Pan American Conference was to improve the relations between the United States and various countries of Latin America. Plans for the conference were first drawn up in 1881 by Secretary of State James Blaine.Full Answer >
The pan-Indian movement is any movement that brings together various Native American tribes and promotes unity between them. Often tribes join forces for political purposes, erasing any tribal lines or former rivalries between the groups. By teaming up, the various tribes work together to protect the interest of all Native Americans.Full Answer >