The Vietnam War took place within the region of Southeast Asia east of Thailand and south of China formerly known as Indochina, which is now comprised of the countries of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. Most of the fighting occurred within the country that was then known as South Vietnam, but the conflict spilled over into the neighboring countries of Laos and Cambodia to the east. Aerial bombing raids were also conducted over the area that was, at the time of the fighting, a separate country called North Vietnam.Know More
The Vietnam War is also known as the Second Indochina War in order to distinguish it from the previous war waged by the indigenous population against the French when the region was a French colony. The war with France ended in a defeat for the French at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in May of 1954 and the area formerly known as Indochina became the independent countries of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. Vietnam was partitioned at the 17th parallel by the accords of the 1954 Geneva Convention and became the two countries that were commonly referred to as North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
An organized communist insurgency against the then western-leaning government of South Vietnam brought the United States into the conflict. Troops from North Vietnam joined the fight in support of the insurgents, which led to increased U.S. military escalation and bombing raids over North Vietnam. North Vietnamese supply routes into the battle zones that crossed through Laos and Cambodia soon brought those regions into the conflict.Learn more about Vietnam War
The Vietnam War began as a civil war between North and South Vietnam, with the South being opposed to communist rule. Most historians see the Vietnam War as a consequence of the Cold War and the fear of global communism.Full Answer >
No single incident marked the beginning of the American war in Vietnam, though several watershed moments passed between the 1954 defeat of the French occupying force and the negotiated end of hostilities in 1973. The 1954 Geneva agreement, which ended the French presence in Indochina, called for a referendum on the form of government Vietnam would adopt in 1956. The United States cancelled the vote, and hostilities began.Full Answer >
According to History Learning Site, some cons of the Vietnam War included its bloody guerrilla warfare, the loss of innocent lives, the draft-- which removed men's choice to serve-- and the belief that it was not the United States' war to fight. In contrast, there was a compelling argument that the war took a stand against communism when so many countries were falling prey to communist governments.Full Answer >
The struggle between French colonial forces and native Vietnamese citizens supported by Chinese communists was one of the root causes of the Vietnam War. United States forces entered the conflict in support of the French in order to fight communism. When the French left, the Americans fought the war alone.Full Answer >