The Vietnam War took place within the region of Southeast Asia east of Thailand and south of China formerly known as Indochina, which is now comprised of the countries of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. Most of the fighting occurred within the country that was then known as South Vietnam, but the conflict spilled over into the neighboring countries of Laos and Cambodia to the east. Aerial bombing raids were also conducted over the area that was, at the time of the fighting, a separate country called North Vietnam.Know More
The Vietnam War is also known as the Second Indochina War in order to distinguish it from the previous war waged by the indigenous population against the French when the region was a French colony. The war with France ended in a defeat for the French at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in May of 1954 and the area formerly known as Indochina became the independent countries of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. Vietnam was partitioned at the 17th parallel by the accords of the 1954 Geneva Convention and became the two countries that were commonly referred to as North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
An organized communist insurgency against the then western-leaning government of South Vietnam brought the United States into the conflict. Troops from North Vietnam joined the fight in support of the insurgents, which led to increased U.S. military escalation and bombing raids over North Vietnam. North Vietnamese supply routes into the battle zones that crossed through Laos and Cambodia soon brought those regions into the conflict.Learn more about Vietnam War
In figures released in 1995, Vietnam claimed 2 million civilians died on both sides, while 1.1 million North Vietnamese soldiers and between 200,000 and 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers lost their lives in the war. Roughly 58,200 American soldiers died during the United States' involvement in the conflict.Full Answer >
The Vietnam War lasted 19 years and 180 days. The war lasted from Nov. 1, 1955 to April 30, 1975, according to the dates finalized by the Department of Defense in 1998. There was no formal declaration of war to start the Vietnam conflict.Full Answer >
The Vietnam War began as a civil war between North and South Vietnam, with the South being opposed to communist rule. Most historians see the Vietnam War as a consequence of the Cold War and the fear of global communism.Full Answer >
The Vietnam War began as a colonial conflict between the Viet Minh of Ho Chi Minh and the French administration that was seeking to regain control of Indochina after World War II. This conflict culminated in the French leaving Vietnam, the dividing of the country into two parts and the United States stepping in and replacing the French first with military advisors and then with active ground troops.Full Answer >