Martin Van Buren's primary accomplishment was serving as the eighth president of the United States from 1837 to 1841. Van Buren previously served as vice president and secretary of state.Know More
Before being elected president, Martin Van Buren was President Andrew Jackson's secretary of state. As such, he was in charge of overseeing the United States' foreign affairs and later became United States minister to England. He served as vice president during Jackson's second term in office.
Van Buren won the presidential election of 1836. From 1837 to 1842, however, the United States fell into its worst depression in history. Hundreds of banks and businesses failed, and thousands lost their land.
Van Buren believed that the downturn in the economy was due to reckless business practices and the over-expansion of credit. He also believed in a limited federal government and fought for the establishment of an independent treasury system to handle government transactions, which Congress authorized in 1840. He opposed not only creating a new bank of the United States, but also placing government funds in state banks.
Because Van Buren opposed the expansion of slave territory, he blocked the annexation of Texas. He believed doing so would also prevent the United States from going to war with Mexico. His main foreign policy concern was the dispute between the United States and Great Britain over control of the border between the United States and Canada. Van Buren worked to keep peace in the region with diplomacy rather than force.Learn more about US History
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was famous for leading the Civil Rights movement during the 1950s and 1960s in the United States. He advocated for African-Americans, women and veterans through non-violent means, including marches, sit-ins, public speeches and boycotts. He was assassinated on April 4, 1968.Full Answer >
Patrick Henry was one of the founding fathers of the United States and a driving force in the American Revolution. At the Continental Congress in Philadelphia in 1774, he joined with Sam Adams to push for staunch opposition to British rule. Later, he became the governor of Virginia.Full Answer >
Thomas Jefferson's major accomplishments include his authorship of the Declaration of Independence and his position as the third president of the United States. Jefferson is also known for his participation in the Continental Congress and his role as the governor of Virginia during the American Revolutionary War.Full Answer >
At the time of his death, Cornelius Vanderbilt was the wealthiest man in the United States. He built a shipping and railroad empire valued at over $100 million, equivalent to hundreds of billions of dollars in modern value.Full Answer >