Chandragupta Maurya founded the Mauryan Dynasty and was the first person to unify the majority of India under one government. He lived from around 340 B.C. to around 297 B.C.Know More
Born into a family of warriors, Chandragupta Maurya grew up with a cowherd's family after his own father died. He attracted the attention of a powerful Brahman politician, Kautilya, who groomed him in the ways of war. After shattering the power of the Nanda Empire at the tender age of 20, Chandragupta took the throne of Magadha, a kingdom in what is now northeastern India, around 325 B.C. After consolidating his power, Chandragupta began to conquer the satrapies created by Alexander the Great, who had recently died.
After conquering much of north India, he pushed into the Seleucid Empire, taking its eastern provinces. With his rule secure in the north, Chandragupta then began pushing south into the Deccan Plateau in central and south India. In his early 40s, he became interested in Jainism, an acetic religion, and he eventually abdicated the throne of the Mauryan Empire in favor of his son Bindusara. He spent his last days practicing sallekhana, a Jainist form of suicide by fasting. The dynasty he founded ruled until 185 B.C. and produced one of the most revered rulers in India's history, Ashoka the Great.Learn more about Ancient History
Besides the creation of one of the world's largest empires and the largest empire ever on the Indian subcontinent, the achievements accomplished during the Mauryan Empire included a widespread bureaucracy and civil service that governed all aspects of society and a common economic system with a single currency that encouraged local and international trade. During the empire's era of peace and security, science, the arts and theology flourished.Full Answer >
Some of the achievements of the Ancient African Kingdom of Ghana were the establishment of a profitable trading center that linked the gold mines to the south of the kingdom to the salt mines to the north, the creation of a silent barter system for merchants who did not speak the same language and the construction of a separate city reserved for use by foreign traders. By charging foreign merchants a tax to enter and leave the kingdom, which was an obvious necessity to conduct their business, Ancient Ghana was able to grow wealthy and powerful.Full Answer >
The civilizations of the Mesopotamian area, which include the Sumerians, Babylonians, Assyrians and Akkadians, had numerous achievements, such as a form of written communication with pictures, mathematics, trade and astronomy. The Assyrians can claim credit for the first zoo thanks to the rule of King Ashurnasirbal II, along with the first library thanks to a later king named Ashurbanipal. This library is where the Epic of Gilgamesh was stored along with much of the ancient writing of the area.Full Answer >
Major achievements of the Babylonian Empire include developing a code of laws, contributing to the world's current time-keeping system and the use of advanced irrigation techniques. The Babylonians also built architectural wonders such as the Hanging Gardens and the Ishtar Gate.Full Answer >