Socrates is acknowledged as the father of Western philosophy, a great teacher who taught Plato, who in his turn taught Aristotle, Alexander the Great's teacher. Beyond philosophy, Socrates was a brave and skilled soldier who once saved the life of Athenian general Alcibiades.Know More
Socrates' primary interest was in using philosophy as a tool to make society better. In service to that goal, he taught a system of rational ethics to the young men (and future leaders) of Athens, using the Socratic Method, a system of questioning to reach an answer, to ensure they learned to think for themselves. This technique did help people come to rational conclusions, but because it also revealed how foolish didactic beliefs were, it made many enemies as well.
Socrates' insistence upon people facing the truth ultimately led to his downfall. During his lifetime, Athens was in social turmoil. The city-state had lost to Sparta in the Peloponnesian War and was having a collective crisis, turning to past glory and beauties instead of facing the tough future. When Socrates challenged this and taught his young students to challenge it, he was charged with corrupting Athenian youth. After a trial, he was sentenced to death. Though his followers were willing and able to smuggle him out of the city into exile, Socrates willingly drank the hemlock that killed him.Learn More
The Mycenaeans were Ancient Greeks that lived during the Helladic period, which occurred at the end of the Bronze Age from 1600 to 1200 B.C. The capital of their civilization was Mycenae.Full Answer >
Persephone, Goddess of the Underworld, had the power to bring about the seasons. Though she spent time in the Underworld, she returned to the living to renew life each year.Full Answer >
The Ancient History Encyclopedia maintains that Ancient Greek people recited and orally passed down mythology to help explain the environment in which they lived and the nature of life on Earth. The word "myth" originally came from the Greek word "mythos," which means "speech or discourse." Later, the meaning of this word came to include fable and legend, suggesting fictionalization.Full Answer >
Located at the southeastern portion of Europe, Ancient Greece, which is in the same place as modern-day Greece, was and is the most southern country of the Balkan Peninsula. Ancient Greece dated back to the 8th century B.C. as evidenced by writings from that period.Full Answer >