The most important jobs in the ancient Aztec empire were noble, priest and warrior, but there were a wide range of other jobs, including farmer, merchant and craftsman. Most young Aztec men became either warriors or farmers.
The Aztecs had a strictly hierarchical society. At the bottom of the hierarchy were servants and slaves, who primarily worked for the noble and priest classes. Above that, the common people held jobs as farmers, hunters and physical craftsmen, such as construction workers or boat builders. The other craftsmen and merchants formed a middle class. Most people in this middle class inherited their trades from a parent.
The upper class included the non-noble priests, government functionaries and warriors. Warriors made up a special class. Anyone with talent could be a warrior, and the most successful of this class could pass into the nobility. It was the only job an Aztec could take that would provide this kind of social mobility. Above this class was the noble class, restricted by birth to those of noble or royal blood. These people made up the highest level of the priesthood and the military as well as acting as a governing class.
Women were prohibited from most of these jobs. A woman was expected to be primarily a wife and mother. Weaving, a trade associated with women, was very important to the Aztecs, and most women also wove at home. In certain cases, a woman could be a merchant, midwife or priestess. Prostitution was a respectable career, although prostitutes could not marry. Women servants and slaves were common.Learn More
The Aztecs main form of transportation was walking. They did not have any animals that could be used as a mode of transportation, and as a result, they had no kind of cart either.Full Answer >
In the Aztec empire, much of the governmental power was held by city councils, with the empire being ruled by the largest of the city councils in Tenochtitlan. The city councils were comprised of members of the calpulli, which were local, working-class cooperatives.Full Answer >
According to The Columbia Encyclopedia, the Aztec capital Tenochtitlán was founded circa 1325 A.D. It was at this point that the organized Aztec civilization began, as they had previously been a poor tribe of nomads. The Aztecs reached the height of their power during the 15th and 16th centuries.Full Answer >
While Aztec women were expected to fill the role of homemaker and mother in Aztec society, they were also able to participate in economic activity, like selling items in the marketplace, working as midwives or even acting as scribes. Women who stayed home performed essential tasks, such as cloth-making, in addition to homemaking, explains the Illinois Valley Community College website.Full Answer >