The most important jobs in the ancient Aztec empire were noble, priest and warrior, but there were a wide range of other jobs, including farmer, merchant and craftsman. Most young Aztec men became either warriors or farmers.Know More
The Aztecs had a strictly hierarchical society. At the bottom of the hierarchy were servants and slaves, who primarily worked for the noble and priest classes. Above that, the common people held jobs as farmers, hunters and physical craftsmen, such as construction workers or boat builders. The other craftsmen and merchants formed a middle class. Most people in this middle class inherited their trades from a parent.
The upper class included the non-noble priests, government functionaries and warriors. Warriors made up a special class. Anyone with talent could be a warrior, and the most successful of this class could pass into the nobility. It was the only job an Aztec could take that would provide this kind of social mobility. Above this class was the noble class, restricted by birth to those of noble or royal blood. These people made up the highest level of the priesthood and the military as well as acting as a governing class.
Women were prohibited from most of these jobs. A woman was expected to be primarily a wife and mother. Weaving, a trade associated with women, was very important to the Aztecs, and most women also wove at home. In certain cases, a woman could be a merchant, midwife or priestess. Prostitution was a respectable career, although prostitutes could not marry. Women servants and slaves were common.Learn more about Ancient America
The Aztec religion believed in the balance between the gods, nature and humans. The people focused their worship on the god of war and sacrifice, Huitzilopochtl. There was a strong belief in the possibility of the world ending every 52 years if nature was not kept in balance.Full Answer >
According to The Columbia Encyclopedia, the Aztec capital Tenochtitlán was founded circa 1325 A.D. It was at this point that the organized Aztec civilization began, as they had previously been a poor tribe of nomads. The Aztecs reached the height of their power during the 15th and 16th centuries.Full Answer >
In the Aztec empire, much of the governmental power was held by city councils, with the empire being ruled by the largest of the city councils in Tenochtitlan. The city councils were comprised of members of the calpulli, which were local, working-class cooperatives.Full Answer >
The fall of the Aztec Empire came about due to the Spanish conquest of Central America. After some brief and violent contact in 1517, a Spanish force under Hernan Cortes arrived in 1519 to completely subjugate the Aztecs. After war and disease swept the empire, it fell in 1521.Full Answer >