Castles were needed in medieval times to provide protection to the lord from foreign invaders. They were also a physical reminder of the lord's power over his lands.
Castles in the medieval time period graduated from hastily built timber castles on mounds of earth with a moat to massive stone fortresses. In this time period, Europe was ruled by feudalist societies. In these societies, the king owned all of the land and was the ultimate ruler of the country. He gave sections of land to his nobles to rule for him in his stead. It was these nobles along with the king and his entourage who lived in medieval castles.Learn More
Islam started when the prophet Muhammad was born, and it was formally formed in 622 A.D. throughout the Arabian peninsula. The religion has more than 1.5 billion followers in the world who all pray to Allah using the sacred text, the Qur'an.Full Answer >
Feudalism arose out of the need for protection in response to the marauding bands of Vikings, Germanic warriors and Saracens who roamed Europe from the 5th to 11th centuries. The collapse of the Roman Empire in the 5th century, and the failure of rulers to retain central authority, allowed nobles to take greater control of local regions.Full Answer >
The major accomplishments of Charlemagne include developing the rules of the feudal system, encouraging reading and writing throughout his empire, developing commerce with a unified monetary system, and the unification of all Germanic peoples into a single kingdom through his crusades, which sought to convert all subjects to Christianity. Charlemagne ruled Western Europe as its emperor from the period 768 to 814 in the Medieval age.Full Answer >
Charlemagne's lasting legacies were reviving education during the Dark Ages and making Western Europe safe from attacks by barbarians from the north and Asians from the east. He united anarchic Western Europe under the Holy Roman Empire, which he founded.Full Answer >