The Napoleonic Wars were caused by the French Revolution, the bankruptcy of France as a nation under the monarchy, and the overthrow of the French aristocracy and royal family. Named for French general and dictator Napoleon Bonaparte, the Napoleonic Wars involved France's rise to power over much of western Europe from 1792 to 1815.Know More
After the French Revolution, which began in 1789, France's new republic form of government differed greatly from surrounding monarchies in Europe. Countries such as Prussia, Spain, Austria and Great Britain formed coalitions, at the behest of the French aristocracy, that opposed the new French government. Steps were taken in 1792 to defend these monarchies against the French rebels. In response, France had the ability to call up any man for military service on a moment's notice.
General Napoleon Bonaparte took this power to new heights. He formed armies of 250,000 men and marched against his enemies with unprecedented speed and precision. The impetus for France's military maneuvers against other European countries revolved around spreading the French Revolution and the overthrow of monarchies on the continent.
It took Europe more than two decades to finally defeat Napoleon. The emperor's boldness was his undoing because he tried to invade Russia and spread his forces too thin. After escaping an 11-month exile in 1815, Napoleon tried to rally his forces before his final defeat at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815.Learn more about French Revolution
Louis XVI was the last king of France and was removed from power and then had his head chopped off during the French Revolution in 1793. One reason the French public hated Louis XVI was that for marrying a foreigner, Marie Antoinette, the daughter of the Austrian emperor.Full Answer >
Napoleon Bonaparte was the Emperor of France from 1804 to 1814, and he was the first major military and political leader to emerge after the French Revolution. Historians describe his basic personality as that of an imposing character with a strong will and remarkable intelligence. He was viewed as both inspirational and lucky by his contemporaries.Full Answer >
The main social cause of the French Revolution was the high population density in the country. Overpopulation caused an unrelenting strain on natural resources in the country, and this led to a number of complications that eventually gave rise to the revolution.Full Answer >
The causes of the French Revolution of 1848 were both economic and political. The strongest contributing factor was political contentions between the working and bourgeois classes of France.Full Answer >