Q:

What were the causes of the Russian Revolution?

A:

Quick Answer

The causes of the 1917 Russian Revolution were the long-term effects of poverty, industrial revolution, ineffective rule and growing political unrest. As a result, World War I became the catalyst that sparked the revolt.

Know More

Full Answer

As of 1916, three-quarters of the Russian population had been freed from serfdom in 1861 but were deep in debt to the government. This subsistence peasant class grew increasingly resentful of rich landowners who tried to control them, and many relocated to cities in order to find work in the newly developed manufacturing industry. What they found were overcrowded urban areas with dismal living conditions, poor wages and brutal working conditions.

The ineffective tsar not only failed to understand his country's impoverished conditions, but he also ignored the need for reform and created more resentment by eliminating any type of freedom of expression. Lacking an organized government that could address the problems, educated members of the growing middle class became increasingly politicized and began organizing and protesting in solidarity with the peasants, workers and disenfranchised soldiers. The advent of World War I served to further underscore the tsar's failures, as limited Russian resources were diverted to aid the war effort, resulting in an open revolt against the aristocracy.

Learn more about Modern Europe

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What factors led to the Russian Revolution?

    A:

    In March of 1917, food shortages and civil unrest led to the abdication of Czar Nicholas II. Months later, the provisional government was overthrown by the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What were the results of the Russian Revolution?

    A:

    According to Marquette University, the Russian Revolution of 1917 resulted in the end of the tsar and aristocracy along with the beginning of communism. After a series of foreign wars and taxes on the Russian population, the Russian Revolution overthrew Tsar Nicholas II in February 1917. After disagreement between the two main political parties, another revolution in October 1917 declared Bolshevik Vladimir Lenin leader.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Who was involved in the Russian Revolution?

    A:

    The History Channel explains that the Russian Revolution was comprised of two smaller revolutions, the first of which led to the overthrowing of Nicholas II, the last Russian czar, and the second of which was led by Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks were a radical group of far-left revolutionaries who wished to instill Marxism in Russia.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What caused the Russian Revolution of 1917?

    A:

    The overwhelming cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was the inefficiency and failure of the czarist regime in the World War I military effort. This was exacerbated by corruption in the government and a scarcity of food that caused riots to break out first in the capital city of Petrograd and then in other cities.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore