The Cossacks are a military warrior group that is long associated with the Russian military and are generally made up of people of Slavic descent. As a distinct population, the Cossacks still exist as of 2014, but they no longer have the military power that was associated with them in the past. The Cossack society has its own particular customs and traditions that revolve around the way of a warrior.Know More
The history of the Cossack people started with their unification as an autonomous organization of warriors that only answered to the authority of the Russian Czar in the 15th century. During this point in their history, the Cossack population was made up of people of Slavic descent, although they accepted any worthy warrior into their ranks if the warrior converted to Christianity.
A notable event in the history of the Cossack people was their role in the annexation of Siberia by the Russian Empire. A troop of 840 Cossacks under the leadership of Yermak Timofeyevich attacked a hostile Tartar force in Siberia in September 1581. The annexation of Siberia was complete by 1586, despite a Cossack loss in 1584.
While initially autonomous, the Cossacks gradually lost their independence through the 17th and 18th centuries before having their administrative status completely stripped under the Soviet government.Learn more about Middle Ages
Helmets with horns have become an icon that is closely associated with Vikings, but there is no real evidence, either in historical art or existing physical artifacts, to support the idea that these people actually wore helmets that were adorned with things like horns or wings. Though Greek and Roman texts from the ancient world suggest that some invaders did have some unusual tastes in headwear, including animal heads, it appears that the idea of a Viking wearing a helmet with horns or other embellishment such as wings is a much more recent invention dating back to the 17th-19th century C.E.Full Answer >
The most common reasons that people went on crusades were following the Pope's call, to be forgiven for past sins, and to loot and kill, according to the BBC. Seemingly less common reasons were proving one's bravery and seeking adventure, and also seeking foreign lands to own.Full Answer >
Since most people were illiterate in the Middle Ages, most communication was verbal. If a person needed to send a message to someone in another town, he could hire a courier, who would memorize the message and deliver it orally.Full Answer >
Medieval towns and cities began as religious centers that attracted people to them. The largest and most successful towns were located near crossways or rivers where people could easily meet and have ready access to water. Once large enough, towns were protected by large fences that kept out undesirables.Full Answer >