The craftsmen of the Shang Dynasty (1600 -1046 BC) were known for their skill and artistry in producing artifacts made from bronze. Many of the bronze pieces made during the Shang Dynasty are surprisingly heavy and indicate that a high level of craftsmanship and technology existed at the time.
Intricate carved designs can be found on the surfaces of some of the pieces made during this period. Both imaginary and real animal forms, placed against spiral designs, can be seen in the bronze surface carvings. A little less than 100 years ago, the existence of the Shang Dynasty was not much more than a legend but, in 1928, excavations and scientific study of the last capital city of the Shang Dynasty began in the city of Anyang in Henan province.Learn More
The people of the Xia dynasty initially believed in spirits, but they eventually adopted the Buddhist religion. At one point, state officials lived in the Buddhist monasteries throughout the territory.Full Answer >
Although historians do not agree on the exact starting time, the Zhou dynasty in China lasted approximately from 1046 to 221 B.C. and is the longest dynasty in the history of the nation. It is also called the Chou dynasty. Under this dynasty, most of China operated under one government for the first time.Full Answer >
The Zhou dynasty was noted for its many inventions and achievements. During this era, Chinese writing improved, iron was introduced and advancements were made in philosophy and culture.Full Answer >
The Zhou Dynasty saw a shift in power from the king to the feudal lords. During this time, astrological maps were made, a calendar perfected and magnetism discovered. Iron tools and weapons were forged during the Warring States Period and fertilizers and pesticides began to be used for crops. Basic arithmetic, fractions and geometry were also developed.Full Answer >