Q:

Why were the Crusades important?

A:

Quick Answer

The Crusades spread Christianity, expanded the territories of many European countries, increased trade, spread knowledge and began an era of persecution and war against non-Christians that continued with the Inquisition. The Crusades also dramatically increased the wealth and power of the Roman Catholic Church.

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Full Answer

The First Crusade was in 1095, when Pope Urban II called for an expedition to take Jerusalem from the Turks, who had harassed Christian pilgrims. There were regular crusades against the Middle East and parts of Africa until almost 1300. Crusaders rediscovered many ancient Greek and Roman texts by exploring Middle Eastern libraries. Many merchants became rich by transporting crusaders in their ships and trading with Muslims. The potential wealth motivated later explorers like Columbus to find new lands for conquering and trading.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Who won the crusades?

    A:

    The crusades were ultimately won in the East by the Muslims when the Bahri Mamluks conquered Acre in 1291. While crusades were mounted even after this point, political witch-hunts mounted against the Knights Templar by King Philip IV of France made further major crusades in the Levant impractical.

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  • Q:

    What was a result of the Crusades?

    A:

    One result of the Crusades was a major shift in the way that the European economy and political attitudes were structured during the 1100s and 1200s. Not only did these conflicts lead to a growing complicity between church and state, but opening the door to the Muslim world also led to shifts in the European economy that would open the door to new wealth.

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  • Q:

    What were the Crusades and where did they take place?

    A:

    The Crusades were a series of religiously motivated wars occurring in the 11th through the 13th centuries, fought primarily throughout the Middle East. The Crusades began after Muslim nations captured Jerusalem, a city holy to Islam, Judaism and Christianity. The Catholic Church launched the First Crusade in 1095 to take back the city, and nearly constant warfare followed for the next 200 years.

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  • Q:

    How many crusades were there?

    A:

    There were eight or nine crusades, though only the first four were of any importance. The Crusades were Christian military expeditions mounted to wrest the Holy Land from the Muslims who had conquered it.

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