The main problems American farmers faced in the 1890s included the steady decline of prices due to foreign competition and domestic overproduction, and the high rates charged by railroads and grain elevator operators to transport and store grains. These problems often led to debt and the crisis of the 1890s.
In the decades after the Civil War, American farmers faced a period of acute and persistent political unrest. To stop the continuous deterioration of their economic status, farmers formed various interest groups, cooperatives, and political parties. The first group was The Grange of Patrons of Husbandry, founded in 1860s, followed by the Greenback Party in the 1870s, the Farmers' Alliance in 1880s and the Populist Party in the 1890s. The latter was the most ambitious step that aimed to challenge the domination of the Democratic and Republican parties. The main demands of the farmers were ceilings on interest rates, a change in the pricing of monopolistic grain elevators and railroads, public boards to mediate foreclosure proceedings and the increase of the money supply by the U.S. Treasury. Many of these demands were ignored by Congress, but on the whole the unrest of the 1890s had lasting consequences concerning the development of the American economy.Learn More
The Dust Bowl began in the early 1930s. After favorable weather conditions throughout the 1920s, unusually dry seasons began in the summer of 1930 throughout the Midwest and the Great Plains.Full Answer >
Patrick Henry was one of the founding fathers of the United States and a driving force in the American Revolution. At the Continental Congress in Philadelphia in 1774, he joined with Sam Adams to push for staunch opposition to British rule. Later, he became the governor of Virginia.Full Answer >
Martin Luther King Jr. grew up on Auburn Avenue in Atlanta, Ga. He was born on January 15, 1929, in the house at 501 Auburn Avenue that his parents and grandparents shared, and he lived in that house until he was 12 years old.Full Answer >
The goals of the Progressive Movement were to try to and solve problems within the American society that had evolved during the industrial growth that happened in the latter part of the 19th century, including fighting for the rights of the lower classes. The country had become prosperous and strong businesses developed; however, there was a large disparity between the wealthy and the poor. The Progressive Movement wanted to bring equality to the nation.Full Answer >