The effects of the Industrial Revolution were vast and far-reaching changes in the political, economic and social structure of the countries in which it took place. Beginning in Britain in 1750, technological innovations and inventions spawned the growth of large machine-production factories and economic specialization. This revolution soon spread throughout Europe and the United States and had a multitude of effects upon each individual nation.Know More
Initially, these changes took place in the landscape of nations, as rural and formerly agricultural workers moved into urban settings. The population shift prompted the growth of large municipalities, and with this, a need for municipal services.
With the advent of large-scale factories, the worker was now much more dependent on an individual employer. Relationships between the capital employers and the laboring class became tense, driving the rise of Marxism in response. Eventually, the dominant political doctrines of both the United States and Great Britain adjusted from lassaiz-faire, in which the government interferes as little as possible to best support the economic system, to one of welfare capitalism, in which the state intervenes to protect the right of the laborer and to offer necessary services.
The Industrial Revolution also gave rise to professions, population expansion and a higher standard of living.Learn more in Industrial Revolution
Factory life during the Industrial Revolution was exhausting, unsanitary and dangerous. Factories were damp, noisy, poorly ventilated and badly lit. Workers often had to labor for 12 to 14 hours a day with very few breaks.Full Answer >
The technological advances of the Industrial Revolution caused an increased need for raw materials that encouraged the rise of European imperialism. The colonies also provided captive markets for manufactured goods.Full Answer >
The ultimate impact of the Industrial Revolution was the formation of an unprecedented regulatory state designed to protect workers and consumers. Mechanized manufacturing brought immense consequences for labor, placing the lives and livelihood of workers at the mercy of factory owners. Consumers became exposed to harmful, low-quality products. To remedy these consequences of industrialization, the government stepped in with a series of sweeping reforms.Full Answer >
Some of the benefits of the Industrial Revolution included enhanced transport, more manufactured goods, the establishment of a middle class and better living conditions for certain parts of society. However, the poor often did not experience the benefits of this period, as urbanization led to squalid living conditions.Full Answer >