The effects of the Industrial Revolution were vast and far-reaching changes in the political, economic and social structure of the countries in which it took place. Beginning in Britain in 1750, technological innovations and inventions spawned the growth of large machine-production factories and economic specialization. This revolution soon spread throughout Europe and the United States and had a multitude of effects upon each individual nation.Know More
Initially, these changes took place in the landscape of nations, as rural and formerly agricultural workers moved into urban settings. The population shift prompted the growth of large municipalities, and with this, a need for municipal services.
With the advent of large-scale factories, the worker was now much more dependent on an individual employer. Relationships between the capital employers and the laboring class became tense, driving the rise of Marxism in response. Eventually, the dominant political doctrines of both the United States and Great Britain adjusted from lassaiz-faire, in which the government interferes as little as possible to best support the economic system, to one of welfare capitalism, in which the state intervenes to protect the right of the laborer and to offer necessary services.
The Industrial Revolution also gave rise to professions, population expansion and a higher standard of living.Learn more about Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution first started in Britain in the late 1700s and soon spread to cover all of Europe. In the 1800s, the Industrial Revolution spread to America.Full Answer >
New forms of entertainment sprang up during the Industrial Revolution that included theater, department stores, spectator sports, and enhanced communication by way of newspapers, magazine, telephone, phonograph and wireless. The Industrial Revolution not only saw the rise of new technology that altered people's way of life and provided new forms of entertainment, but it introduced labor changes, such as the regulation of working hours, that enabled people to enjoy more free time and spending power.Full Answer >
During the Industrial Revolution, living conditions improved for the middle and upper classes due to the increased availability of goods produced in factories. However, for the lower classes who labored in the factories, living conditions were overcrowded, disease-ridden and unsanitary.Full Answer >
During the Industrial Revolution, disease was rampant and sanitary conditions were deplorable. People lived and worked in crowded conditions, and sewage and waste was not properly disposed of. Lack of hygienic practices and the rapid spread of disease lead to many deaths during this time period.Full Answer >