Q:

What were the effects of the Industrial Revolution?

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Quick Answer

The effects of the Industrial Revolution were vast and far-reaching changes in the political, economic and social structure of the countries in which it took place. Beginning in Britain in 1750, technological innovations and inventions spawned the growth of large machine-production factories and economic specialization. This revolution soon spread throughout Europe and the United States and had a multitude of effects upon each individual nation.

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Initially, these changes took place in the landscape of nations, as rural and formerly agricultural workers moved into urban settings. The population shift prompted the growth of large municipalities, and with this, a need for municipal services.

With the advent of large-scale factories, the worker was now much more dependent on an individual employer. Relationships between the capital employers and the laboring class became tense, driving the rise of Marxism in response. Eventually, the dominant political doctrines of both the United States and Great Britain adjusted from lassaiz-faire, in which the government interferes as little as possible to best support the economic system, to one of welfare capitalism, in which the state intervenes to protect the right of the laborer and to offer necessary services.

The Industrial Revolution also gave rise to professions, population expansion and a higher standard of living.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How did the Industrial Revolution affect education?

    A:

    The Industrial Revolution brought several important changes to the field of education by making education accessible for children of all socioeconomic backgrounds and setting laws making education a requirement. Prior to the 1800s, the accessibility of education to children was spotty. Children born into wealthy families often had access to education, while children from impoverished families did not.

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  • Q:

    What are some interesting facts about the Industrial Revolution?

    A:

    The Industrial Revolution occurred in the 18th and 19th centuries across Europe and America. It was precipitated when the use of engine-powered machines and other industrial features began to transform mostly rural and agrarian areas into densely populated urban centers. One major shift that took place was that manufacturing of things, such as tools, furniture and bullets, moved from primarily home-based processes to centralized industrial production.

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  • Q:

    When did the Industrial Revolution start?

    A:

    The Industrial Revolution started around 1760. The Industrial Revolution caused a transition in production methods that created more efficient manufacturing processes. This transition witnessed a shift from a predominantly handmade production method to a machine-assisted production method.

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  • Q:

    Why did the Industrial Revolution start?

    A:

    The Industrial Revolution started for many reasons, including population growth and financial innovations. The revolution started in England in the 1760s.

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