The Roman Emperor Nero is one of the most controversial figures in the history of the Roman Empire. During the early years of Nero's reign he lowered taxes and made positive changes to slavery laws. One of the most notable events that occurred during the later years was the burning of Rome in 64 A.D.Know More
Nero was 17 years old when he became the Emperor of the Roman Empire after the death of his stepfather, the Emperor Claudius in 54 A.D. Nero was a respected and fair leader during the first part of his reign. He gave slaves the right to bring complaints up against their masters and banned capitol punishment within the Empire. He also supported the arts and athletics.
In the year 59 A.D. Nero ordered his mother to be murdered due to her interference in both his personal life and political policies. After her murder Nero became known as a tyrant. He spent excess amounts of government funds on personal indulgences, and began to execute or exile members of the senate who opposed him or who he felt threatened by. In 64 A.D. the Great Fire burned for 10 days and decimated 75% of Rome. While there is no concrete proof, it is believed that Nero started the fire to make room for his new villa. Nero placed blame on the Christians and began a campaign of heavy persecution against them. These antics continued until Nero committed suicide in 68 A.D.Learn more about Ancient Rome
At its height, the Roman Empire covered much of Europe, including areas that would become Portugal, Spain, Andorra, England, France, Monaco, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Italy, San Marino, Malta, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Hungary, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey and Armenia. It also included territory in the Middle East and Africa that later became Syria, Iraq, Cyprus, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco.Full Answer >
The social structure of the Roman Empire was complex, stringent and hierarchical. The nature of the social classes was based on economic and political factors. Despite the demanding requisites for entry into the upper classes, there was a relative degree of mobility in Roman society.Full Answer >
Julius Caesar's great-nephew was Augustus, the first emperor of the Roman Empire. He was born Gaius Octavius in 63 BC, the son of Caesar's niece Atai. Caesar had no sons of his own so he named Octavius as his heir.Full Answer >
The ancient Romans lived in the Roman Empire. The capital of the Roman Empire was the city of Rome, which is located in present-day Italy.Full Answer >