Q:

Who were some famous Mayan leaders?

A:

Two of the oldest and most famous Mayan leaders were Itzamn and Kukulcan. Itzamn is said to have led the first Mayan migration into the Yucatan from the Far East. Kukulcan led the second migration from the west.

Itzamn is considered to be a sun god and is the Mayan's earliest deified hero and leader. Legend has it that he led the migration from beyond the ocean along a pathway that magically opened through the waters. He can be compared to Moses in Christianity and the parting of the Red Sea when he led his people out of Egypt.

Kukulcan was a priest and a teacher, and is considered to be the founder of the Mayan civilization as well as the kingdom itself. Scholars believe this second migration occurred close to the end of the second century of the Christian era. He divided the Mayan people into four different tribes, which were ruled by four royal families.

Cocum was the first family to which Kukulcan belonged. The second family was Tutul-xiu and this tribe was located in Uxmal. The Itz family was the third family and they resided in Chichen-Itz, and the fourth family was Chele, living at Izamal which was the sacred city of the Mayans.

Sources:

  1. crystalinks.com

Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What were Mayan houses made of?

    A:

    Prehistoric Mayan homes were constructed of organic materials such as a mixture of mud and straw known as adobe, and the roofs were thatched with palm fronds and constructed with wood. Some houses included walls constructed of stacked stone, called albarradas. The Mayans spread their walls with lime to whiten them. The floors were constructed of gravel covered with soil. However, some homes did have wooden baseboards.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What were some Mayan tools and weapons?

    A:

    The Mayan people used weapons and tools made of sharpened stone and wood, such as farming equipment, hand chisels and bladed weapons. They did not typically use metal tools or weapons.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What were some Mayan arts and crafts?

    A:

    Pottery and stone carving are two of the most notable Mayan arts and crafts. Without the use of a pottery wheel, the Mayans created intricately designed vases, plates and pots by coiling consecutive rings of clay on top of each other and smoothing the surface by hand. Other pottery artifacts were made with complex molds, and most types of pottery were brightly painted to depict events in everyday Mayan life.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What were some Mayan achievements?

    A:

    The building of temples and great cities without modern machinery, using astronomy to predict astrological cycles and plant crops and using their language to communicate and measure time are some of the Mayans most notable achievements. During a 600-year period of time, which was from 300 A.D. until 900 A.D., the Mayans made many great achievements in science, communications, engineering and agriculture.

        Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore