During his three terms in office as President of the Philippines, Ferdinand Marcos made many advancements in the country's infrastructure and spearheaded successful economic reforms. However, his presidency was also marked by widespread government corruption and human rights violations that eventually led to Marcos being overthrown by his own people and sent into exile.Know More
During Marcos' first term, he had roads, bridges and other public works built throughout the Philippines. This was an important achievement since it provided services and transportation to many of the rural areas of the country. He also made the controversial decision to get the Philippines involved in the Vietnam War, allying with the United States. Marcos put into effect important economic reforms, including the development of industries in the Philippines that employed many workers and provided valuable trade goods. He was seen as an ambitious politician with an eye for future potential.
During his subsequent terms as president, however, Marcos tightened his authoritarian grip on the Philippines. He filled his presidential cabinet with friends and family members and embezzled millions of dollars from the state treasury. When activists began to speak out against him, he had them imprisoned and killed. Two of them were even assassinated on United States soil in 1979.Learn more about Modern Asia
Manuel L. Quezon's most notable achievement was the passing of the Jones Act that ensured independence for the Philippines from the United States. He was president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944 and made several major changes to the social and economic conditions in the country.Full Answer >
Sergio Osmena served as the president of the Philippines in the 1940s and founded the Nationalist Party. Prior to his political career, Osmena worked as a newspaper reporter and received a degree in law from the University of Santo Tomas in Manila.Full Answer >
Goals of the former President of the Independent Republic of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino, included reconstructing the nation and restoring the faith and confidence of the people after the Battle of Manila, during which his own wife, son and two daughters were killed. Having served in the Senate and having helped create the nation's constitution, the former vice president succeeded leader Manuel Roxas after his death in 1948.Full Answer >
In contemporary history, physical education in the Philippines developed into the Bureau of Physical Education and School Sports. The nation's Executive Order No. 81 series of 1999 then integrated BPESS into the Philippine Sports Commission, which has since assumed BPESS's departmental roles.Full Answer >