Francisco Franco was a monarchist, and his main goal was to protect his country from anti-Spain forces, such as political parties and parliamentary democracy. Franco's overall goal was to maintain power at all costs and to ensure his self-appointed role as protector. His regime was marked by mass executions, banning labor unions, taking political prisoners and opposing political parties, languages other than Spanish and religions other than Catholicism.Know More
After enrolling in the Spanish Infantry Academy, Franco was posted in Morocco from 1912 to 1926. In 1926, at the age of 33, he became the youngest general in Europe. In 1935 he became army chief of staff, but in 1936 he was banished to the Canaries following the election of a leftist coalition. During the Spanish Civil War, he joined the rebel Nationalist government and became the commander-in-chief of its armed forces. When it took over Spain, he became, in effect, an absolute dictator. Though Spain remained neutral during World War II, Franco's sympathies aligned with the Axis powers of Italy and Germany.
In 1947, in keeping with his role as a monarchist, Franco appointed himself lifetime regent and chose Juan Carlos, grandson of King Alfonso XIII, as prince and future king of Spain. He personally supervised Juan Carlos' education, according to Biography.com. However, upon Franco's death, Juan Carlos assumed power and immediately began to make reforms; he legalized free political parties and a system of democratic constitutional monarchy. Biography.com notes that within a few years of Franco's death in 1975, his political influence had been expunged.Learn more about Modern History
Spain, a country in southwestern Europe, consists of 195,364 square miles and has a population of approximately 47.27 million. Spain's territory includes the Balearic and Canary islands, Celuta and Melilla.Full Answer >
Nelson Mandela was originally sentenced to 5 years for incitement and leaving the country without a passport. Mandela ended up serving 27 years after receiving a life sentence for sabotage.Full Answer >
Brazil, the largest country in South America, declared its independence in 1822; the country quickly formed an alliance with the United States, since the United States was the first to recognize Brazil as an independent country. Since then, Brazil has used its very high volume of trade to form other alliances with countries throughout the European Union as well as repair formerly unstable relationships with countries such as Russia.Full Answer >
Nelson Mandela was arrested in 1956 for treason, in 1962 for leaving the country without a passport and in 1964, Mandela was charged with sabotage while incarcerated at Pretoria Local Prison. He was sentenced to 5 years in prison in 1962 and then sentenced to life in 1964.Full Answer >