Jeffersonian Democracy and Jacksonian Democracy were two political outlooks that gained significant traction during their respective eras and left lasting effects on the American political system. The two systems share many elements, but differ markedly in their views regarding the use of executive power.
According to USHistory.org, Jeffersonian Democracy places great emphasis on republicanism, the idea that citizens should cultivate civic virtue and the intellect to govern themselves. Thomas Jefferson believed in limiting the scope of the federal government and in allowing the states to exercise autonomy. Although Jefferson disliked inherited nobility, he believed that educated, economically independent men should govern. Jeffersonian Democracy is pro-agriculture, as Jefferson and his followers felt that farming allowed men the self-sufficiency necessary to govern themselves in a free society.
Jacksonian Democracy is an outgrowth of Jeffersonian Democracy that arose during the United States' Second Party System, which took place from the mid 1830s to 1854. Jacksonian Democracy places great emphasis on the common man. Andrew Jackson's favored policies that expanded suffrage and reduced the influence of elites. Jacksonian Democracy is less concerned with the states than Jeffersonian Democracy. Andrew Jackson asserted the power of the president against South Carolina when it declared a set of federal tariffs null and void in 1832. Jacksonian Democracy favored Laissez faire economics over the proactive federal investments promoted by the opposing Whig Party.Learn More
In the American political system, political parties serve the purpose of providing a platform for like-minded individuals to rally around a particular ideology. These parties then influence legislation and governing, receiving support from constituents favoring particular ideologies. While members of both major American political parties maintain more similarities than differences, many fundamental goals of these parties are quite different than their counterpart.Full Answer >
The advantages of a democracy include the chance for equality and a stable, responsible administration while the disadvantages include a misuse of public funds and the possibility of making the wrong choice of who to put in office. The chances of being led by incompetent leaders is also very high in a democracy.Full Answer >
In a democracy, the people of a polity hold the sovereignty. True democracies give sovereignty over every decision to the people, while representative democracies give them the ability to choose the representatives who wield sovereignty in the people's stead.Full Answer >
The opposite of a democracy is an autocracy. A democracy is a government chosen by its citizens. An individual without the input of the country's citizens governs an autocracy. Autocratic rulers make economic, social and political decisions without consent from the citizens.Full Answer >