Jeffersonian Democracy and Jacksonian Democracy were two political outlooks that gained significant traction during their respective eras and left lasting effects on the American political system. The two systems share many elements, but differ markedly in their views regarding the use of executive power.
According to USHistory.org, Jeffersonian Democracy places great emphasis on republicanism, the idea that citizens should cultivate civic virtue and the intellect to govern themselves. Thomas Jefferson believed in limiting the scope of the federal government and in allowing the states to exercise autonomy. Although Jefferson disliked inherited nobility, he believed that educated, economically independent men should govern. Jeffersonian Democracy is pro-agriculture, as Jefferson and his followers felt that farming allowed men the self-sufficiency necessary to govern themselves in a free society.
Jacksonian Democracy is an outgrowth of Jeffersonian Democracy that arose during the United States' Second Party System, which took place from the mid 1830s to 1854. Jacksonian Democracy places great emphasis on the common man. Andrew Jackson's favored policies that expanded suffrage and reduced the influence of elites. Jacksonian Democracy is less concerned with the states than Jeffersonian Democracy. Andrew Jackson asserted the power of the president against South Carolina when it declared a set of federal tariffs null and void in 1832. Jacksonian Democracy favored Laissez faire economics over the proactive federal investments promoted by the opposing Whig Party.Learn More
One of the primary hallmarks of the Jacksonian Era was Andrew Jackson's Indian removal policy. Jackson believed that white settlers had the right to settle on lands east of the Mississippi River that belonged to American Indians. He pushed a law through Congress that led to the removal of most of the eastern American Indian tribes from their homelands.Full Answer >
In the American political system, political parties serve the purpose of providing a platform for like-minded individuals to rally around a particular ideology. These parties then influence legislation and governing, receiving support from constituents favoring particular ideologies. While members of both major American political parties maintain more similarities than differences, many fundamental goals of these parties are quite different than their counterpart.Full Answer >
Democracy has a number of advantages, foremost among which are safeguarding and representing the interests of the people. Equality is also key to democracy, and this includes equality before the law and equal rights to power.Full Answer >
A democracy is a type of government where the creation, evolution and proposal of laws are made through the engagement of all eligible citizens. There are several types of democratic systems, such as direct and semi-direct, representative, parliamentary, presidential, constitutional and hybrid democracies.Full Answer >