The main causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 were the poverty of the peasant class, the rise of the urban industrial class, the antiquated and oppressed military, a growing intellectual movement, and the inefficiency and autocracy of the Tsarist regime. The revolution was catalyzed by Russia's catastrophic participation in World War I, during which massive casualties and expenditures brought famine and unrest.Know More
Although in theory Russian peasants in the early 20th century owned their own land, they were deeply in debt and barely surviving with antiquated, subsistence-level agricultural techniques and equipment. Many moved to the cities to find work in the burgeoning factories, but they were met with poor living conditions, low wages and no rights as workers. The Tsar, trying to govern a huge country alone, ignored the Duma, the Russian parliament, as well as the pleas of the peasants and the proletariat, choosing to crush their opposition rather than consider their grievances. This left the poor open to the propaganda of the Bolsheviks and other dissidents who encouraged revolution against the Tsarist regime.
At first World War I inspired patriotism, but it soon became apparent that the Russian army was hopelessly ill-equipped and poorly led, as it began to suffer heavy losses and major defeats. The Tsar had alienated himself from the officers, and desertions became commonplace. When the revolution began, the Tsar called upon the army to restore order, but many of the troops mutinied and joined the demonstrators.Learn more about Industrial Revolution
Although Karl Marx died long before the Russian Revolution actually took place, he is credited with having the radical political views that eventually led to the revolution. Mark was an extremely influential writer in the 1800s. With the help of Friedrich Engels, he published the work “The Communist Manifesto,” which discussed the theory of socialism following the problems found with capitalism.Full Answer >
The most widely documented significant outcome of the Russian Revolution of 1917 is the fall of the Russian Empire and the beginning of Marxian socialism under Vladimir Lenin and his Bolshevik revolutionaries. This marked the beginning of a new era in Russia, especially regarding its political and economic relations with other nation-states.Full Answer >
The overwhelming cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was the inefficiency and failure of the czarist regime in the World War I military effort. This was exacerbated by corruption in the government and a scarcity of food that caused riots to break out first in the capital city of Petrograd and then in other cities.Full Answer >
Karl Marx influenced the Russian Revolution by publishing his book, "The Communist Manifesto" on February 21, 1848 calling for a revolution from the working class people of the world in order to tear down capitalism. The Russian Revolution was built upon the ideas Marx laid out in the book, and Lenin believed that with Marx's doctrines, he could change the Russian state.Full Answer >