The Mayan civilization made major accomplishments in astronomy, agriculture, engineering and communications including building elaborate cities without modern machinery and developing one of the world's first written languages. They also discovered how to grow beans, corn, squash and cassava in places that were not conducive to plant growth.Know More
The Mayan civilization survived for more than 2,000 years from 300 A.D. to 900 A.D. in the time period known as the Classic Period. The Mayan people were made up of people who lived in the present-day areas of Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras and El Salvador.
The Mayan written language was made up of 800 glyphs or symbols. Each of the glyphs represented a syllable or a word and could be combined with other glyphs in countless ways. The Mayan believed that the universe was present in everyday life and the Mayans had a strong knowledge of the different celestial bodies. They knew how to predict solar eclipses, develop complex calendars and even used the astrological cycles to help plan both planting and harvesting of crops. The Mayan measured time with two different complex calendar systems as well.
The Mayan's ability to build tools and make innovations without modern machinery continues to amaze scholars. They built elaborate temples and great cities with decorative details using a rainbow of glittery paints made from mica, and beautiful weaved cloth made from looms.Learn more about Ancient America
Some of the major accomplishments of the Incas included their inventions, such as the flute, drum and Inca calendar. Culturally, Incas were also adept in creating pottery and cloth, and politically they are known for integrating imperial policies with ethnic diversity, which was way ahead of its time.Full Answer >
The Mayan people used weapons and tools made of sharpened stone and wood, such as farming equipment, hand chisels and bladed weapons. They did not typically use metal tools or weapons.Full Answer >
Pottery and stone carving are two of the most notable Mayan arts and crafts. Without the use of a pottery wheel, the Mayans created intricately designed vases, plates and pots by coiling consecutive rings of clay on top of each other and smoothing the surface by hand. Other pottery artifacts were made with complex molds, and most types of pottery were brightly painted to depict events in everyday Mayan life.Full Answer >
The building of temples and great cities without modern machinery, using astronomy to predict astrological cycles and plant crops and using their language to communicate and measure time are some of the Mayans most notable achievements. During a 600-year period of time, which was from 300 A.D. until 900 A.D., the Mayans made many great achievements in science, communications, engineering and agriculture.Full Answer >