The sociologist Herbert Spencer is credited with the phrase "survival of the fittest," which he applied to biological evolution years before Darwin's "Origin of Species," and also to the evolution of society. As an agnostic, he also rejected the notion of a divine being, at least insofar as it is possible to say anything meaningful (or empirical) about it.Know More
Likening society to an organism, Spencer emphasized that it should be permitted to develop organically, without the intervention of the State. Spencer argued in favor of natural rights that would allow individuals to do as they thought best.
His political philosophy of decreased state power continues to influence libertarians and other political thinkers critical of the government's impact on individual rights.Learn more about Inventions
Anaximander, a Greek philosopher who lived in Miletus in the 6th century, is credited with the invention of the first map. The earliest known maps are related to the sky, and date back to 16,500 B.C.Full Answer >
The discovery of energy is not credited to one particular individual because there are several types of energy, and each was discovered by a different person at a different time. For example, Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic energy and Benjamin Franklin discovered positive and negative electrical charges.Full Answer >
Marco Polo, a Venetian merchant and explorer in the 13th century, is not credited with any inventions. However, the book depicting his travels introduced many Asian inventions and ideas to Europe.Full Answer >
Wilbur and Orville Wright are credited with the creation of the first self-powered and piloted airplane. The two brothers tested numerous aircraft designs before they successfully built and flew their airplane in 1903.Full Answer >